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Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Painter, marquetry worker. Religious subjects.

In 1489 and 1490, Angelo di Menicuccio da Iglianello collaborated with the painters Andrea Lombardo and Antonio di Bernardo Lombardo at Orvieto Cathedral. He painted a number of works, including a Pietà and was commissioned, with Antonio da Forlì, to paint a tabernacle and a crucifix....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Rome between 1740 and 1788.

Painter, decorative designer. Perspectives. Church decoration.

With the help of his son Vincenzo, Giovanni Angeloni painted the ceiling of the gallery that leads from the church of St Peter's to the sacristy. He also produced some copies of Raphael loggias for Catherine the Great of Russia....

Article

Portuguese, 18th century, male.

Born 1741; died 1795.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative artist. Religious subjects, landscapes with figures, scenes with figures. Murals, stage sets.

Araujo was above all a skilled painter of scenery. He managed the theatre in Lisbon's Bairo Alto. After entering the Third Franciscan Order's Convent of Jesus, he quickly realised he had mistaken his true vocation. Having made several paintings in the monastery, he abandoned monastic life and later married....

Article

Arcabas  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1527, in Milan; died 11 July 1593, in Milan.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, still-lifes. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Prague School.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo belonged to a patrician family from Milan, which boasted three archbishops. Giuseppe, however, came from the 'poor' branch of the family. He was the son of Biagio and is assumed to have learned the rudiments of drawing and painting from his father, although no details of his training as an artist are known. His name first appears in a payment notice of 17 June 1551 in the cathedral construction records. He is believed to have gone to the court of the German emperors in 1561 and to have followed the court to its residences in Vienna and Prague.Arcimboldo enjoyed the successive patronage of Ferdinand I, Maximilian II and, in particular, Rudolph II. From 1562 to 1585 his name appears regularly in the court registers: he was paid 20 florins a month and often received additional sums from the imperial purse. A court painter, he was also commissioned to arrange courtly entertainments such as processions, cavalcades, balls and outdoor parties and it is thought that he may have invented the carousel. He was also a musician and devised 'a colormetric method of musical transcription' - a form of musical notation deciphered and performed on the harpsichord by the viol player Monzo. His biographers, Francine Legrand and Félix Sluys, liken this invention to 'present-day methods for synchronising music and film'. He also advised on the content of imperial collections and travelled for his patrons, acquiring works of art on their behalf.In 1587 he received his discharge from Rudolph II (who made him Count Palatine in 1591) and returned, his fortune made, to the city of his birth, where he died, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1593 at the age of 63.He was buried at the church of S Pietro della Vigna (it no longer survives). On 28 November 1551, Arcimboldo painted five armorial bearings for the king of Bohemia and a decoration for the main door of the cathedral. In the years following he painted ducal coats of arms for the feast of the Virgin, executed a map of the region of Volpedo and repainted the cathedral façade. In collaboration with his father he drew cartoons for stained glass windows depicting the ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born c. 1568 or 1560, in Rome; died 3 July 1640, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits. Frescoes.

Giuseppe Cesari was the son of an impoverished ex-voto painter who taught him the basic principles of art in the hope that one day he might see his son become a successful artist. Giuseppe obtained his father's permission to go to Rome where, to earn a living, he prepared palettes for painters working at the Vatican under the papacy of Gregory XIII. One day when his masters were absent he painted some figures on a wall; these were much admired by all and particularly by Ignazio Danti, the superintendent of works. Danti presented the young artist to the pope who placed him under his protection and sent him to the school of Pomerancio. Cesari's reputation quickly grew; he also had a gift for intrigue and knew how to get his works noticed, even when at the expense of other painters of the period. Caravaggio, who began his career at Cesari's studio, and Annibal Caracci were among the few who were able to dispute the quality of Cesari's work; they criticised shortcomings in his draughtsmanship and the superficiality of his manner, and challenges were issued. However, the apparent ease of his execution and the undisputable brilliance of his canvases earned him popular admiration. When Clement VIII replaced Gregory XIII as pope he continued to afford Cesari the same patronage as his predecessor. The artist was granted numerous honours; he was made a knight of the Order of S Giovanni in Laterano or, according to some, of the Habit (tunic) of Christ; at the same time Louis XIII conferred on him the order of St Michael. He was principally a decorative painter and during his time in Naples (1588-1590) he decorated the dome of the sacristy at S Martino. When he returned to Rome around 1590 he executed frescoes for the vault of the Contarelli chapel at S Luigi dei Francesi, where Caravaggio also worked. Two years later he executed the decoration of the Olgiati chapel at the church of S Prassede. Lastly, in 1596 the Senate commissioned him to decorate the Palazzo dei Conservatori. His approach to linear form is somewhat dry and derives from the decorative Mannerism of the Zuccaris and Pulzone....

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 28 September 1686, in Benediktbeuren (Bavaria); died 1739, in Weltenburg Convent.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects.

Son of the painter Hans Georg Asam. After learning the basics of his art he moved to Rome where he studied for several years before being awarded the coveted Accademia di San Luca Prize in ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born to a family originally from San Ippolito; died before 1695.

Sculptor. Religious furnishings (altars).

Trajano Ascani's name is first mentioned in 1659 as having sculpted an altar for the church of S Gherardo in Serradeconti. Most of his work is to be found in Faenza: the S Ambrogio chapel altar in the church of S Benedetto (...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 27 March 1639, in Lyons; died 4 January 1684, in Paris.

Painter, decorative designer, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects.

The second son of Claude I, Claude II studied drawing with his father, was taught painting by both Guillaume Perrier I and II, and later studied under the painter A. Wirys (or Wairix), from Lyons (Rhône) in south-eastern France. After arriving in Paris around ...

Article

Swedish, 17th century, male.

Born 1626, in Stockholm; died 1696.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects, genre scenes.

In 1679, Johan Aureller the Elder painted an altarpiece for Lidköping church.

Article

French, male.

Born 25 December 1795, in Tours, Or in 1796 according to some sources; died 6 February 1861, in Tours.

Potter. Bestiaries. Decorative schemes, church decoration, busts.

School of Tours.

Avisseau was the son of Charles Avisseau, a stone-cutter and later a potter and a 'firer of earthenware'. Charles-Jean Avisseau began his career working for his father as a stone-cutter. He then studied at the École Académique de Dessin (academy of drawing) in Tours, and later became an apprentice in an earthenware factory in St-Pierre-des-Corps. He had already become a respected colourist by ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1831, in Tours; died 1911, in Tours.

Potter, enameller. Religious furnishings.

School of Tours.

The son of Charles-Jean Avisseau, and uncle to Édouard-Léon, Joseph-Édouard Avisseau was a pupil of his father, and also studied drawing and painting in Lobin's studio. He worked in close collaboration with his father, and shared his taste for the historicist Renaissance movement, veering progressively towards the Baroque. With his father and his sister Caroline, he executed ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1 March 1494 or or, in Florence; died 5 October 1557, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits. Designs for tapestries.

Florentine School.

Il Bacchiaca studied first under Perugino, then Franciabigio and finally under Andrea del Sarto. It was the latter - as much a friend as a teacher - who influenced the artist most. Bacchiaca worked mainly as a decorative artist. In ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Perugia.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Perugian School.

Produced major works for churches in Perugia, notably for the convent of S Pietro in 1632.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 May 1859, in St-Symphorien-de-Lay (Loire); died 8 February 1948, in Lyons.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban views. Wall decorations, church decoration.

Antoine Barbier painted many decorative works including a Flight into Egypt for the church of Matarieh in Cairo and various works for the Assembly (Sobranie) in Sofia and the École Malesherbes in Paris. He ran courses from time to time in watercolour painting from nature in France, Switzerland and England....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Bologna, also active in Russia.

Died 1780, in Bologna.

Painter, decorative artist. Church decoration, wall decorations, ornaments.

Bolognese School.

Studied under Gio Zanardi and, together with his brother Serafino, decorated the oratory of the church of SS Simone e Taddeo in Bologna. The brothers travelled to Russia, where they produced decorative compositions for the Chinese Palace and the Rutschberg Palace at Oranienbaum, near St Petersburg....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active also active in Russia.

Died 1810, in Bologna.

Painter, decorative artist. Church decoration, theatre decoration, wall decorations.

Bolognese School.

Studied under his brother Giuseppe Gioachino and accompanied him on a voyage to Russia before returning to work in Bologna. His decorative work is to be found in the Bologna church of S Maria della Vita, in the church of SS Cosimo e Damiano, at the church of S Catarina, in the theatre in Ferrara, and in the Palazzo Bovi Silvestri. He also decorated the church of S Vitale in Ravenna....

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 20 February 1889, in Geneva; died 1954 or 1955, in Geneva.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Barraud studied at the École des Arts et Métiers in Geneva and at the same time took evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts under Pierre Pignolat. At first he worked in advertising as a designer and he was only able to dedicate himself fully to painting after 1913. He was a member of the ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Péronne between 1561 and 1578.

Died after 1578.

Painter, decorative artist. Religious subjects.

Guillaume Bauchart painted several works for the churches in Péronne.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 7 November 1828, in La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée); died 17 January 1886, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes. Murals.

Baudry’s grandfather had been active during the 1793 Chouan uprising in western France and was forced to seek refuge in the woods, where he worked as a clog-maker. As a result, Paul Baudry was raised as a ‘child of Nature’—and by parents who felt most strongly that children should be seen and not heard. His parents wanted him to study the violin, and for a period in his early life it proved to be his sole distraction. But Paul aspired to become a painter and confided as much to his stern mentor, Drölling. After he had overcome parental objections, he finally arrived in Paris at the age of 16 years. Just three years later, he was awarded the Second Grand Prix de Rome, a distinction that exempted him from military service....