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Zwolle, Jean de or Zwoll or Zwoett; also called Master I. A. M. de Zwolle, Johannes De Colonia, or the Master of the Shuttlelocked


German, 15th century, male.

Painter, engraver.

Mystery surrounds the engraver or engravers known by this name. Bartsch identifies the artist with the engraver known as the 'Master of the Shuttle' and calls him Zwott. Other scholars know him as J. Auker von Zwoll. A third theory takes issue with the name 'Master of the Shuttle', asserting that the object interpreted as a shuttle is in fact a 'goldsmith's burnisher' and that the artist should therefore be known as the 'Master of the Burnisher' and was not only an engraver but also a goldsmith. The name J. Auker is generally discounted by modern scholars. Passavent suggests that the artist's name was Johannes de Colonia (John of Cologne), basing his theory on the fact that the style of the engraver in question appears to have been developed in the school of the Van Eyck brothers and relying on an old German chronicle from the Zwolle area which mentions a young monk, painter and engraver by the name of John of Cologne. The initials I. A. M. that generally appear on the prints attributed to this artist could be understood as standing for ...

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