Zhongren or Chung-Jen, Tchong-Jen; Pseudonym: Huaguang Zhanglao
Chinese, 11th century, male.
Born in Kuaiji (Zhejiang); died 1123.
Painter, Chan Buddhist monk. Ink plum blossom.
Zhongren was a Chan Buddhist monk who lived at the Huaguang monastery in Hunan Province. He was a great friend of the painter Huang Tingjian (fl. 1087-1093), who composed poems for his pictures. Zhongren is known above all for his paintings of plum blossom, a genre that flourished at the beginning of the Song dynasty and whose symbolism closely resembles that of bamboo painting. Indeed, he was the first to paint plum blossom in ink washes, a genre that in China would have a great future. This is how the Song dynasty epic Meipu or ...