Veldenaer, Johann or Veldener; called Giovanni di Westfalia
German, 15th century, male.
Active in Germany and in the Netherlands from 1447 to 1483.
Died after 1501.
Draughtsman, engraver (wood), printer, print publisher.
Little is known about this artist. Some biographers include him among the Dutch engravers, but his nickname Giovanni di Westfalia (John of Westfalia) used by some Italian writers would seem to indicate that he was German. Whatever the case, it should be remembered that in the Middle Ages the Rhine was the main trading route between the Netherlands and southern Germany and that print sellers, booksellers, goldsmiths and engravers all frequented the fairs and markets of the towns bordering the Rhine and those in upper Alsace at the mouth of the river. Veldenaer must have been one such trader and the mere fact that he lived in a number of German towns may have earned him his Italian nickname. Nor is it clear if he was personally responsible for the drawings and woodcuts illustrating the works that he published. He was in Cologne in ...