Mélat, Maurice Armand Julien
French, 20th century, male.
Born 24 May 1910, in Épernay; died 2001, in Toulouse.
Painter, designer, scenographer. Religious subjects, scenes with figures, interiors, figures, portraits, group portraits, nudes, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, stage costumes and sets, designs for tapestries.
Mélat studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Rheims, then in 1927 with Raymond Legueult and Gustave Corlin at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. Shortly afterwards, he settled in Toulouse where he taught design at the Lycée de Fermat and the École des Beaux-Arts, where he created the studio for preparatory design teaching in 1942.
In 1926, Mélat painted the composition Unction of Bethany for the church of Notre Dame in Épernay; he executed a replica of this work in 1994. From 1949 to 1951, he worked on the important state commission of Group Portrait of Members of the Chamber of Commerce for the Palais Consulaire in Toulouse. As well as these monumental works, he also painted the world of dance and maintained a significant trade as a creator of theatre sets and costumes, in particular for the Théâtre du Capitole and for the Compagnie du Grenier in Toulouse. In 1960, he designed the sets for Honegger's King David at the Paris Opera.
Mélat took part in group exhibitions, notably in Toulouse: annually at the Salon des Artistes Méridionaux, of which he was president, and from time to time in Monaco, Vallauris, Épinal and Paris. He showed collections of his paintings in solo exhibitions: at the Galerie Chappe-Lantier (Toulouse, 1943 and frequently thereafter); 40 Years of Paintings, Drawings, Models of Sets and Costumes, (Villeneuve-Tolosane 1991); and Melat and the Theatre ( Mélat et le Théâtre), Galerie Municipale (Castelginest 1992). In 2002, the Musée Goya in Castres presented a selection of his works along with those of his pupil and friend, René Isaure.
Museum and Gallery Holdings
Toulouse (MBA, Mus. des Augustins): two landscapes
- Maurice Mélat - 40 ans de peintures, dessins, maquettes de décors et costumes, exhibition catalogue, Villeneuve Tolosane, 1991.
- Alric, Françoise: Mélot et le Théâtre, exhibition catalogue, Gal. municipale, Castelginest, 1992.