French, 19th century, male.
Born 23 January 1832, in Paris; died 30 April 1883, in Paris.
Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, poster artist, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.
Édouard Manet was from an old bourgeois family: his father was a magistrate and his mother’s father was a diplomat. He was unavoidably shaped by his origins and, however revolutionary his work may have appeared, he retained the bearing and the sentiments of a ‘society gentleman’. As a child, he already felt an irresistible attraction to painting as an occupation. An uncle who was a colonel in the artillery, and who spent every spare moment of his leisure time filling the pages of a sketchbook, passed down to him his love for drawing and took him to museums. Having pursued his studies at Collège Rollin, Manet chose (rather than studying law) to enlist as a ship’s boy on a commercial vessel, the ...