Klucis, Gustav Gustavovich or Klutsis or Kluzis
Latvian, 20th century, male.
Born 4 January 1895 , in Rŭjiena, Latvia; died 26 February 1938 , in Moscow
Painter, collage artist, photomontage artist, poster artist, lithographer, sculptor.
Constructivism, Vhutemas, Productivism, Suprematism.
Gustav Klucis studied at the City Art School in Riga (1913-1915), then at the school of design under the aegis of the Imperial Society for the Fostering of Art (1915-1917) in Petrograd (now St Petersburg). He completed his training at Vasily Meshkov’s school of design and painting, Il’ya Mashkov’s studio in the State Free Art Studio (Svoma) in Moscow, and the higher artistic and technical workshops (Vkhutemas) under the direction of Kazimir Malevich and Antoine Pevsner. An associate member of the INKhUK (Institute of Artistic Culture) productivist group in Moscow from 1921 to 1925, he taught courses at the Vkhutemas from 1924 to 1930. He was a founder member of the October group in 1928....