Greco, El real name: Domenikos Theotokopoulos, or Theotocopoulos, Later Domenico Theotocopuli, or Theotokopouli
Greek, 16th–17th century, male.
Active fromc.1576 in Spain.
Born c. 1541, in Heraklion, Crete; died 7 April 1614, in Toledo.
Painter, sculptor, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.
El Greco (‘The Greek’) trained as an icon painter in the Byzantine tradition in his native Crete and spent 10 years in Italy, first in Venice, then Rome. From Italy he went briefly to Madrid, perhaps in search of commissions at the Escorial, and settled in Toledo in the summer of 1577. While there is little documentation of his workshop, his output while in Toledo implies the existence of a large studio, which was taken over after El Greco’s death by his son, Jorge Manuel Theotocopuli. El Greco was well educated and had a scholar’s library; his annotations in his copy of Giorgio Vasari’s ...