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Ghezzi, Pierleone or Pier Leonelocked

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 28 June 1674, in Rome; died 5 March 1755, in Rome.

Painter, engraver, musician, scholar. Religious subjects, portraits.

Pierleone Ghezzi was the son and pupil of Giuseppe Ghezzi. He was commissioned by Pope Benedict XIV, together with L. Garzi, F. Trevisani and B. Luti, to paint, among other things, a series of Prophets for the church of S Giovanni in Laterano. Pierleone Ghezzi was also an engraver, both of his own work and that of his father. Examples include a Virgin and Infant Jesus (Giuseppe Ghezzi), as well as portraits of the Abbot Pietro Palatio and Niccola Zabaglia.

Various thematic exhibitions have featured examples of his work, notably Celestial Glories, a celebration of models (bozzetti and modelli) of major Roman decorative works from the Baroque period, held in 2002 at the Musée Fesch in Ajaccio. An exhibition devoted solely to Pierleone's work was held at the Palazzo dei Capitani in 1999, entitled Pier Leone Ghezzi: Settecento alla Moda.

Museum and Gallery Holdings

Ajaccio: The Prophet Micah

Florence (NG): Portrait of the Artist

Nantes (MBA): Holy Family; Female Portrait

Auction Records

Vienna, 16 March 1971: Return of the Prodigal Son, ATS 100,000

Paris, 29 Oct 1976: St Barbara (oil on canvas in brown monochrome paint, 30 × 21¼ ins/76 × 54 cm) FRF 7,400

London, 6 July 1978: Portrait of Carlo Albani, First Prince of Soriano (oil on canvas, 38 × 28¼ ins/96.5 × 72 cm) GBP 3,800

London, 7 Dec 1978: Caricature of Persons Consulting an Astrologer (pen, 11 × 14¾ ins/27 × 37.7 cm) GBP 2,650

London, 10 July 1979: Caricature of a Woman with a Fan (pen, 12 × 8¼ ins/30.5 × 21 cm) GBP 900

Milan, 4 Dec 1980: Caricature (pen/paper, 12¾ × 8¾ ins/32.2 × 22.4 cm) ITL 800,000

New York, 7 Jan 1981: Caricature Portraits of Princess Albani and Count Albani (black chalk and pen, 12¾ × 9 ins/32.4 × 22.8 cm) USD 2,500

New York, 10 June 1983: Portrait of Pope Clement XI (oil on canvas, 47 × 31½ ins/119.5 × 80 cm) USD 4,000

New York, 16 Jan 1985: Caricature Portrait of Count Barberini (pen and brown ink, 12 × 8½ ins/30.6 × 21.9 cm) USD 1,500

Milan, 17 Dec 1987: Portrait of a Prelate (pastel, 14¼ × 8¾ ins/36 × 22.5 cm) ITL 3,000,000

Milan, 4 April 1989: Portrait of Cardinal Odescalchi (oil on canvas, 29¼ × 24¼ ins/74.5 × 61.5 cm) ITL 15,500,000

New York, 10 Oct 1990: Portrait of Pope Clement XI seated (oil on canvas, 7¾ × 31½ ins/19.5 × 80 cm) USD 35,200

New York, 11 Jan 1991: Portrait of a Young Woman Seated and Holding a Kitten (oil on canvas, 28½ × 23¼ ins/72.5 × 59 cm) USD 187,000

London, 2 July 1991: Prince d'Avellino with Don Ciccio (black chalk and brown ink, 12½ × 9 ins/32 × 22 cm) GBP 2,420

Rome, 19 Nov 1991: St Jerome (oil on canvas, 44½ × 30¼ ins/113 × 77 cm) ITL 10,000,000

New York, 13 Jan 1993: Portrait of a Venetian Monk (black chalk and ink, 11½ × 8¼ ins/29.5 × 21 cm) USD 3,850

Milan, 2 Dec 1993: Portrait of a Young Man (oil on canvas, 26¼ × 19½ ins/66.5 × 49.5 cm) ITL 33,350,000

Rome, 8 March 1994: Monsieur de Silhouette and his Son (ink/paper, 12 × 8¼ ins/30.5 × 21 cm) ITL 5,520,000

New York, 12 Jan 1995: Caricature of a Large Lady with a Fan, accompanied by a Page (black chalk and ink, 12 × 8¼ ins/30.7 × 21.1 cm) USD 2,760

Rome, 9 May 1995: Portrait of Maria Vittoria Strata, Founder of the Order of the Monache Turchine (oil on canvas, 67 × 48¾ ins/170 × 124 cm) ITL 28,750,000

Paris, 28 June 1995: Male Caricature from Rear and in Profile (brown ink/lead pencil, a pair, each 13¾ × 9½ ins/35 × 24 cm) FRF 7,200

London, 12 Dec 1996: Marcello Cappellano Warming his Hands at a Brazier (black chalk, pen and brown ink, 11 × 7½ ins/27.9 × 19.3 cm) GBP 1,495; Abbot Manzoni seated on a Chair and Drinking Coffee (black chalk, pen and brown ink, 10 × 7¼ ins/25.2 × 18.5 cm) GBP 1,610

London, 16-17 April 1997: Caricature of the Marquis de Lopis (pen and brown ink on black chalk, 11 × 7¾ ins/28.2 × 19.8 cm) GBP 1,265

New York, 28 Jan 1999: Portrait of Serafino and Francesco Falsacapa Studying (black chalk/coloured ink, 6 × 10 ins/16 × 26 cm) USD 60,000

Vienna, 9 May 2000: Man with Sword (watercolour/pen drawing over chalk, 12 × 9 ins/30 × 22 cm) ATS 35,000

London, 4 July 2000: Portrait of the Castrato Gaetano Caffarlli (black chalk/pen/ink, 11 × 8 ins/28 × 20 cm) GBP 3,800

New York, 23 Jan 2001: Père Pierre de Charlevois (coloured ink over black chalk, 12 × 9 ins/30 × 22 cm) USD 3,500

London, 24 May 2001: Abbot Giustiniani. An Abbot. Abbot of Taulignan (black chalk/pen/ink, 11 × 8 ins/29 × 21 cm) GBP 6,000

Paris, 6 June 2002: Chevalier de Bourke (pen/ink over crayon, 13 × 9 ins/32 × 22 cm) EUR 5,000

Paris, 26 June 2002: Gentleman, Hat under his Arm (1722, pen/ink, 16 × 10 ins/41 × 25 cm) EUR 10,000

New York, 22 Jan 2003: Portrait of Serafino and Francesco Falsacapa at Table (chalk/pen/ink, 6 × 10 ins/16 × 26 cm) USD 85,000

Paris, 17 Dec 2003: A Man Holding a Mask and Nine Caricatures of Prelates (red chalk/pen/brown ink/colour wash, 7 × 7 ins/19 × 19 cm) EUR 5,000

New York, 21 Jan 2004: Double Caricature of Ghezzi and the Engraver Österreich (pen/brown ink, 13 × 9 ins/34 × 22 cm) USD 12,000

Bibliography

  • Lo Bianco, Anna: Pier Leone Ghezzi, pittore, Palermo, 1985.
  • Martinelli, Valentino: Giuseppe e Pier Leone Ghezzi, Fratelli Palombi, Rome, 1990.
  • Lo Bianco, Anna (ed.): Pier Leone Ghezzi: Settecento alla moda, exhibition catalogue, Ascoli Piceno, Palazzo dei Capitani, 1999.
  • Maria Kiel, Rainer: Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755). Unbekannte Arbeiten eines päpstlichen Malers in der Kanzleibibliothek Bayreuth, Archiv für Geschichte von Oberfranken, Bayreuth, 2001.
  • Olivesi, Jean-Marc (ed.): Cieux en gloire, exhibition catalogue, musée Fesch, Ajaccio, 2002.