Cornelius, Peter von
German, 19th century, male.
Born 1783, in Düsseldorf; died 1867, in Berlin.
Painter, fresco artist, draughtsman (including ink/wash), illustrator, decorative designer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, nudes, portraits. Church decoration, murals, decorative designs.
He began by studying at the academy in his native Düsseldorf. According to some sources, he also studied in Munich and in Berlin. At the age of 19 he decorated the church at Reuss with frescoes. In 1811 he went to Rome, where he joined the Nazarenes, who occupied the monastery of Sant'Isodoro where they led a quasi-monastic existence, gaining inspiration for their paintings from the art of the early Italian Renaissance. It is evident that they drew on the same source of inspiration as the English Pre-Raphaelites. In 1816 the Prussian consul general in Rome commissioned the Nazarenes to decorate the Zuccaro Palace. Cornelius was involved in this, painting ...