Canaletto real name: Giovanni Antonio Canal
Italian, 18th century, male.
Born 18 October 1697, in Venice; died 20 April 1768, in Venice.
Painter, engraver. Landscapes with figures, architectural views.
Antonio Canal (‘Canaletto’) was the son of Bernardo Canal, a theatrical scene-painter, who taught him the art of perspective. He was also doubtless familiar with Luca Carlevaris, a painter of light-filled views of Venice based on strict mathematical perspective. Carlevaris’ work anticipates almost every aspect of Canaletto’s output, but lacks his poetry and lyricism. Frustrated by the artistic limitations of the family’s scene-painting business, Antonio left for Rome in 1719, where he painted from life, copied Antique subjects and encountered the work of Giovanni Battista Panini. He returned to Venice the following year, and joined the Venetian artists’ guild (the ...