Campin, Robert or Campain; called Master of the Mérode Altar, Master Of Flémalle
Flemish School, 15th century, male.
Born between 1375 and 1378, in Valenciennes; died 26 April 1444, in Tournai.
Like many fifteenth-century Flemish artists, Robert Campin remains a somewhat obscure figure. On the one hand there is considerable evidence for the existence of the painter Robert Campin, and on the other, we have a comparatively consistent body of works that have been quite reasonably attributed to a variety of artists. These painters were all working at the start of the 15th century, a turning-point in art history in that, especially in Flanders, painting was moving on from what is called the 'International Gothic' style to a more realistic and less formal depiction of the life of men and the world they lived in. This development in Flemish painting was to play an important role in the rise of a specifically French style in the 15th century, since it acted as a counterbalance to the influence of Italian painting, which tended to be more decorative. We know that a Robert Campin lived in Tournai, was a Master there in ...