Burgkmair, Hans I, the Elder
German, 15th – 16th century, male.
Born c. 1473, in Augsburg; died 1531, 1533, 1553 or 1559, in Augsburg.
Painter, miniaturist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.
The son of German painter Thomas Burgkmair, this artist, like Dürer at the same age, went to Italy when he was 17 and returned to Germany probably between 1506 and 1508. Until about 1509 he remained largely faithful to the old German style he had learnt from his father, and it was only from this time onwards that he tempered the energetic but rather dry severity of his technique with the harmony of the Italian School that Dürer had already introduced to his work. Burgkmair enjoyed painting popular scenes, and this preference reinforced his tendency towards realism. His portraits are life-like, vigorous and bright, and he had great skill in modelling fabrics. He received his first important commission in 1501 when the Sisters of St Catherine had the basilicas of Rome painted by a number of different artists. Burgkmair painted three of them: ...