Bakhuyzen, Ludolf, the Elder or Bakhuysen, Backhuyzen
Flemish School, 17th – 18th century, male.
Born 18 December 1631, in Emden (Westphalia); died 17 November 1708, in Amsterdam.
Painter, draughtsman, calligrapher, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, seascapes, landscapes, winter landscapes.
There is little consensus on the spelling of this artist's name. It has been written variously as Backhuisen, Backhuizen and even Backhysen. Ludolf Bakhuyzen the Elder worked as a calligrapher for a commercial firm in his native town of Emden up to the age of 18. Encouraged by the sale of some drawings he went to Amsterdam and joined the studio of the landscape artist Albert van Everdingen, and later that of Hendrick Dubbels. He soon abandoned landscape painting to concentrate exclusively on seascapes and became a renowned artist during his lifetime. His reputation was such that he was sought by the most powerful monarchs of Europe to teach them art. His distinguished pupils included Tsar Peter the Great, the king of Prussia, the elector of Saxony and probably the grand duke of Tuscany. These rulers commissioned many paintings from Bakhuyzen. Right up to his death the artist demonstrated a forceful determination, even making all his funeral arrangements himself. When he died he left 78 florins to his friends so that they could enjoy a banquet after his death....