Welcome to Benezit Dictionary of Artists

  • A comprehensive and definitive resource for artists’ biographies, published since 1911
  • Includes 149,000 biographies as well as auction records, exhibition histories, and over 11,000 images of artists’ signatures and stamps of sale

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Victor Vasarely


An originator of op art, Victor Vasarely reached the conclusion in the 1950s that painting was finished and dedicated himself to developing a syntax of shape and color.

Emil Nolde


German Expressionist Emil Nolde said of his works created in Berlin cabarets, theatres, and night-clubs: “I drew this alongside life with its phoniness, stunning dirtiness, and corruption.”

In this update,Grove Art publishes 174 revised articles, and 12 emendations.

Explore the full list of what has been recently published and revised on Oxford Art Online.

Valerie Cassel Oliver

Letter from the Editor

Read a letter from Benezit’s Editor in Chief, Dr. Valerie Cassel Oliver, discussing her editorial approach and the work underway to expand Benezit’s coverage of emerging artists, varied media, and artists of diverse social and cultural backgrounds.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Benezit on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries. Follow links to related texts in Oxford Art Online and around the web to learn more about the artists in these outstanding collections.