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Stupa [Skt stūpa; Pkt thūbha; Pali thūpa; Eng. tope]locked

  • E. Errington,
  • Howard A. Wilson,
  • John Villiers,
  • Henrik H. Sørensen,
  • Erberto F. Lo Bue,
  • Young-Ho Chung
  •  and Ken Brown

Extract

Dome-shaped mound, often containing sacred relics. It became the primary cult monument of Buddhist and also Jaina monastic establishments in India. The stupa retained its importance as Buddhism spread across Asia, and a variety of stupa types evolved.

The stupa’s origin is almost certainly the tumulus or funerary mound. According to the ...

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