Welcome to Oxford Art Online

  • The gateway to Oxford’s art reference works, including the peer-reviewed, regularly updated Grove® Dictionary of Art and the Benezit Dictionary of Artists
  • Includes over 200,000 articles that span ancient to contemporary art and architecture, as well as over 19,000 images of works of art, structures, plans, and artist signatures

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Christian art in the Islamic world

Photo of Vank Cathedral

One of the most important Christian churches built in Safavid Iran, Vank Cathedral’s interior remains distinctly Christian yet includes ornamental details that would be similarly harmonious in a Muslim context. The kite-shaped shields that support its dome are structurally identical to those of the royal mosque built at the same time.

Monir Farmanfarmaian

Photo of Monir Farmanfarmaian

Iranian artist Monir Farmanfarmaian is known for creating mirror mosaics and abstract, reverse-glass paintings inspired by Islamic and Persian patterns.

In this update, Grove Art publishes 4 revised articles, as well as 37 emendations across both dictionaries. Benezit begins commissioning under its new Editor in Chief, Dr. Valerie Cassel Oliver.

Dulwich Pink Gallery

Collection Guides

Join Benezit on a tour of unique art collections around the world! Written by experts and curators, our Collection Guides present the history and highlights of museums and galleries. Follow links to related texts in Oxford Art Online and around the web to learn more about the artists in these outstanding collections.

Image of the TEFAF

Grove Guide to the Art Market

Explore the new Grove Art subject guide on the art market, which brings together articles related to finance, art law, provenance, cultural heritage, collecting, connoisseurship, galleries, auction houses, and dealers.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day. 



JANUARY 21, 2020

What's new in January 2020

In this update, Grove Art publishes 4 revised articles, as well as 37 emendations across both Grove Art and Benezit.

DECEMBER 16, 2019

What's new in December 2019

In this update, Grove Art publishes 47 new articles, as well as 11 emendations across both dictionaries. Benezit welcomes its new Editor in Chief, Dr. Valerie Cassel Oliver.

NOVEMBER 11, 2019

What's new in November 2019

In this update, Grove Art publishes 10 article revisions and 24 emendations. Benezit publishes 112 emendations.