Site of a Christian city and pilgrimage centre in the Maryūt Desert, c. 45 km south-west of Alexandria, Egypt. It grew up around the shrine of St Menas, who was martyred during the persecution of the Christians instigated by Diocletian (reg 285–305). The ancient name of the site is not known, and the position of the saint’s grave had been long forgotten until, according to legend, several miracle cures led to its rediscovery. The place then quickly developed into an increasingly major centre of pilgrimage where, among other things, the so-called Menas ampules were manufactured as pilgrim flasks and achieved particular renown. The first excavations of the site were undertaken by ...
Arabic School, 10th century, male.
None of the works of this artist are known.
Egyptian, 10th century, male.
Painter. Historical subjects, landscapes.
Al-Kutami was a member of the Kutama tribe and was brought up by Banu-el-Muallim, who painted the mosque situated high up in the Karafa mountains, near Cairo in 976 AD. He painted a work entitled Joseph at the Fountain...
Judith McKenzie, Gordon Campbell, R. R. R. Smith, Wiktor A. Daszewski, A. H. Enklaar, Dominic Montserrat, C. Walters and Wladyslaw B. Kubiak
Reviser Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom
Egyptian city situated on the Mediterranean coast west of the delta of the River Nile, capital of Egypt from c. 320
Alexandria was founded in 331
Italian, 16th century, male.
Antonio da Cremona worked in the chiaroscuro technique. Six engravings have been attributed to him: Flight into Egypt, signed Ant Crem and dated 1547, Holy Family, signed Ant Cremonensis, 1550, Portrait of Mucius Scaevola, Marriage of St Catherine...
Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under
Site on the west bank of the River Nile, c. 16 km west of Daryūt in the province of Asyūt, Egypt. A large monastery with rich sculptural and painted decoration originally lay in the desert 1 km to the west. According to tradition it was founded by the monk ...
Flemish, 15th – 16th century, male.
Died in Ghent.
Painter, miniaturist, illustrator. Religious subjects.
Bruges School, Flemish School.
The first member of his family to be an artist, Alexander Bening was to be followed by a number of Flemish miniaturists of particular importance in 16th-century Flanders. He entered the Ghent painters' guild on ...
Flemish, 16th century, female.
Active in London.
Died after 1570.
Lievine Bening was the daughter of Simon Bening. She was almost as famous a miniaturist as her father. King Henry VIII of England summoned her to England where she settled permanently from 1545...
Flemish, 16th century, male.
Active still in 1519.
Paul Bening was the second son of Alexander Bening.