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Oxford Art Online hosts Grove Art Online, the Benezit Dictionary of Artists, and other Oxford art reference works. The site is updated three times per year, with new and updated articles, new tools for navigating content, and improved functionality.

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Marc Chagall: Snow, Winter in Vitebsk, gouache on cardboard, 18 7/8 x 23 3/4 in. (47.9 x 60.3 cm), 1911 (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Frederick and Helen Serger Collection, Bequest of Helen Serger, in honor of William S. Lieberman, 1989, Accession ID: 1990.274.1ab); © 2007 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris, photo © The Metropolitan Museum of Art      Gerhard Richter: Clouds, oil on canvas, two parts, overall, 2.01×2.61 m, 1982 (New York, Museum of Modern Art); © Gerhard Richter, permission granted by Marian Goodman Gallery, photo © Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY

August 2015 Update

New to Grove Art

Major artists and movements
August's update includes updates to the most frequently researched topics in Grove Art Online. Part of a broader project led by Grove’s Editorial Board, this update brings new scholarship on topics including Caravaggio, Artemisia Gentileschi, Hieronymus Bosch, Humanism, Peter Paul Rubens, Piet Mondrian, De Stijl, and El Greco.

American art and architecture
Grove is pleased to add over 90 new and revised articles on American art and architecture to the site, including updated biographies of artists Edwin Austin Abbey, Peggy Bacon, Howardena Pindell, John Currin, and Nancy Grossman, as well as articles on all-over painting, earthworks, and the cities of Baltimore and Richmond.

Medieval art and architecture
We continue to add updated articles on medieval art, whose development was overseen by Dr. Colum P. Hourihane of Princeton University, editor of the recently published Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture. Over 130 new and revised articles were added, including essays on Pictish art, Ottonian art, polychromy, scriptorium, and church, as well as cities such as Exeter, Nuremberg, Venice, Leuven, Pamplona, and Poitiers.

New images
This update sees the addition of over 90 new images including Artemisia Gentileschi’s Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting, Orazio Gentileschi’s Judith and Her Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes’s utopian painting, Hope. Also added are new images of Hieronymus Bosch’s paintings: Ecce Homo, Saint John the Evangelist on Patmos, and The Last Judgment.

Updated articles
As part of UpdateGAO, our ongoing initiative to keep existing Grove content current, many additional articles have been revised to reflect developments in recent scholarship. This update includes revised entries on camouflage, Etruscan textiles, and Gothic painting, as well as revised biographies of Japanese artists Tani Bunchō, Watanabe Kazan, Suzuki Kiitsu, and Shiba Kōkan. Also of note in this update are new articles on restitution, art-related finance, as well as completely rewritten articles on Boris Iofan and Stalinist architecture.

Explore the full list of new and revised entries, and see our Friends page for more information on our partnerships.

New to Benezit

New articles and images
Under the guest editorship of Dr. Jillian Carman, Benezit has been updated with 45 new articles expanding our content and diversity with a focus on South African artists including Willem Boshoff, Nicholas Hlobo, Brett Murray, and Berni Searle. This update also includes 50 new images of artists’ signatures, including those of Sigmar Polke, Hans Richter, Kiki Smith, Cy Twombly, and Vincent van Gogh.

Updated bibliographies and auction records
As part of the South African initiative, updates were made to expand many biographies and exhibition histories, including those of landmark artists William Kentridge and Gerard Sekoto, This August, various auction sale records have also been updated, including those for Jeff Koons, David Hockney, Vassily Kandinsky, Andy Warhol, and Paul Klee.

Explore the full list of new and revised entries.

Image partnerships
We continue to add images to Benezit through our partnerships with ArtistsSignatures.com, which brings new artists’ signatures to the resource, complementing the existing collection of over 11,000 images, and the Frick Collection, which is providing Benezit with portraits and self-portraits of artists to illustrate their biographies (see, for example, Eastman Johnson). See our Friends page for more.

For more information, visit About Benezit, view Benezit's contributor page, or read about its history.

African Art

Grove Art Online and the Benezit Dictionary of Artists have both recently been updated with new and significantly revised articles on topics in African art. We invite you to explore an interactive map featuring select articles from this region, including Dak’Art, Nollywood, and Sammy Baloji.

African Art Map

Updating Programs


A major initiative is currently underway, involving the participation of all 7,000+ members of our contributor community. All authors are invited to submit updates to their articles – especially to bibliographies – to ensure that articles reflect the latest research and bibliographies include the most recent publications. Read more about this project and how to get involved.

User feedback

All users are welcome to email the editors at oxfordarteditor@oup.com to suggest corrections, revisions, and new topics for articles and subject guides. We look forward to hearing your feedback. To offer your thoughts and comments regarding general site enhancements, you may use the Contact Us form.

Italian Renaissance Learning Resources

We invite you to explore the freely available Italian Renaissance Learning Resources site. This resource features eight units, each of which explores a different theme in Italian Renaissance art and is complemented by lavish illustrations and resources for educators.

This resource is the result of a collaboration between the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, and Grove Art Online, made possible through the generous support of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation and developed by Sandbox Studios.

Previous Updates

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