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Concluding Questions

After completing the lessons in this guide, ask your students to make a list of any questions they still have about one or more of the artists. Organize their questions into categories so that they can conduct their own research. Categories may include biographical questions; questions about a specific work of art, such as why the artist made it and what types of materials the artist used; and questions regarding historical events during the artist’s life.

Visit MoMA

Organize a class visit to The Museum of Modern Art, and ask your students to identify an artwork that was included in this guide. Now that they are looking at the actual work, they should consider its size and scale. Ask them to compare the work in the Museum with the reproduction they saw in the classroom. Do they see any details now that they didn’t notice originally, in the reproduction? Have their ideas about this work changed? Why or why not?

  • Ask your students to consider the works of art installed around the one they are viewing. How would they compare the works? Why do they think they were chosen to be exhibited together?

Web Quest

Send students on a Web quest to MoMA’s Online Collection at www.moma.org/collection. Ask your students to research other works by artists included in this guide. Students may also want to visit MoMA’s teen site, Red Studio (http://redstudio.moma.org/), to view online activities, the site’s bulletin board "talk back," and teen-led interviews with artists and curators about issues in art and design.

Research Projects

Looking Ahead

The lessons in this guide prompt students to consider how artists during the interwar period responded to the social and political events of their times. Have your students research some contemporary artists who reflect upon war and social and political turmoil in the world today. Possible artists include William Kentridge, Sue Coe, Art Spiegelman, Leon Golub, and Doris Salcedo.

Looking Back

Have your students consider how artists from the past have reflected on war and political and social upheaval. Possible artists include Diego Velázquez, Francisco de Goya, Édouard Manet, and Käthe Kollwitz.

Art of Our Time

Have your students create responses to their own times, using photographs, newspapers, prints, and television images as source materials.

Further Research

Using Modern Art and Ideas 4 and 5, explore interwar movements such as Dadaism, Surrealism, and Constructivism with your students. A number of artists discussed in this guide were active in these movements, including Picasso, Masson, and Dix.

Grove Art Online: Suggested Reading

Below is a list of selected articles, which provide more information on the specific topics discussed in the lesson.

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