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Benezit: Editorial and Image Policies

Editorial program

The 2006, 14-volume English edition of the Benezit Dictionary of Artists was added to Oxford Art Online in the fall of 2011, along with over 100 new entries not in the print edition. Entries are updated on an ongoing basis with revisions, corrections, and newly commissioned material. All new content updates, guided by leading art experts serving as content Editors, are announced on the What's New page. Our Editor in Chief advises on the research, curatorial, educational, and library needs for this resource, including practical matters such as functionality, design, image copyright, and other online publishing issues. Advisory Editors oversee major updates in specific subject areas and are invited to serve in this capacity on a project-by-project basis.


Our Editor in Chief, a distinguished art researcher serving a two-year term, directs new content and revisions to Benezit alongside an Oxford project editor.

Current Editor in Chief: Dr. Kathy Battista, Program Direct, MA Contemporary Art, Sotheby’s Institute, New York

Advisory Editor: Dr. Alla Rosenfeld, Adjunct Professor, Russian and Art History, Rutgers University and Research Consultant, European Evaluators, New York

Read a letter from the editor, Dr. Alla Rosenfeld, on our Russian and Eastern European content update.


The first four editions of Benezit were compiled, written, and updated by teams of researchers under the direction of editors at Editions Gründ. Authors who have written or revised entries since the launch of the online edition at Oxford Art Online are acknowledged on our Contributor page.


We welcome suggestions for revisions to existing articles or new artists for inclusion. You may contact us through the site, or email suggestions to benezit@oup.com. Suggestions for new entries are submitted to area specialists and editors for their review. Oxford University Press makes all final decisions regarding the inclusion of content.

If you are suggesting a new biography for Benezit, please include the following information:

  • Biographical details (date and place of birth, etc.)
  • Education
  • Group and individual exhibitions
  • Paragraph summarizing the subjects generally treated and the artist’s style
  • Bibliography
  • Museography


Benezit features over 11,000 images of artists’ signatures and monograms, and stamps of sale. A selection of new signature images and portraits and self-portraits of artists will be added with each update.

Benezit is not an image provider and therefore cannot grant permissions or advise on issues of rights and usage. Please contact the image providers and copyright holders cited in the captions directly if you wish to use art images for anything other than personal or educational purposes. Please see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice for more information. Resources on image copyright and fair use in the US can be found at Intellectual Property and the Visual Arts on the College Art Association’s website.

If you would like to donate a high-resolution image of the signature of an artist who has a biography in Benezit, you may contact us through the site, or email suggestions to benezit@oup.com. We can only accept images that are cleared for worldwide, perpetual online use.

Copyright © Oxford University Press 2007 — 2017.