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American Art and Architecture

Mather Brown: Thomas Jefferson, oil on canvas, 908x724 mm, 1786 (Washington, DC, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Bequest of Charles Francis Adams); photo credit: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution/Art Resource, NY   Albert Sands Southworth & Josiah Johnson Hawes: Girl with Portrait of George Washingtion, daguerreotype, 216x165 mm, c. 1850 (New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937, Accession ID: 37.14.53); image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art   Alexander Stirling Calder: George Washington Accompanied by Wisdom and Justice, marble, 1918 (New York, north side of Washington Arch); © Vanni Archive/Art Resource, NY  

In this season’s update, Grove Art Online presents 104 revised and expanded articles on American art and architecture. Many new and updated entries added to Grove in the past two years originated with the development of the Grove Encyclopedia of American Art, a project edited by Joan Marter and released in 2011. This project updated and expanded Grove’s coverage of American art and architecture, spanning the Pre-Columbian era to the colonial period to the 21st century.

The most recent set of revised articles includes expanded biographies of modern and contemporary artists such as Ann Hamilton, Susan Hiller, Conrad Marca-Relli, Paul Jenkins, Dinh Q. Lê, and Kimsooja. New scholarship has been added to entries on sculptors Carl Andre, Catherine Lee, Richard Lippold, and Martin Kersels, as well as largely self-taught painters Homer Dodge Martin and David Johnson. Updated biographies range from landscape architect Jens Jensen to scholar and architect Joseph Hudnut, credited with coining the term “postmodern” in 1945. Further highlights include updates to articles on Native American artists Oscar Howe and Allan Houser, as well as on architects Irving Gill, George Howe, Ricardo Legorreta, and Henry Bacon, designer of the Lincoln Memorial. Other architectural updates cover the Chicago-based partnership of Holabird & Roche and planner Pierre-Charles L’Enfant, designer of the city plan of Washington, DC in 1791. New images of American art and architecture have also been added to Grove Art Online in this update, from Scott Burton’s Pair of Rock Chairs to Benjamin West’s influential history painting The Death of General Wolfe, revolutionary for its unconventional choice to depict the participants in modern dress.

Alodie Larson, Editor
Molly Tranberg, Associate Editor

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