American Art and Architecture
In this season’s update, Grove Art Online presents 118 new and revised articles on American art and architecture. Many new and updated entries added to Grove in the past two years originated with the development of the Grove Encyclopedia of American Art, a project edited by Joan Marter and released in 2011. This project updated and expanded Grove’s coverage of American art and architecture, spanning the Pre-Columbian era to the colonial period to the 21st century.
The most recent group of entries includes new coverage of the Sartain family of printmakers, printers, painters, and educators. Newly revised articles biographies cover self-taught painter Grandma Moses, sculptor Louise Nevelson, critic and theorist Lewis Mumford, collector Duncan Phillips, and curator Dorothy C. Miller, organizer of the influential The New American Painting exhibition in 1958–9 that established the reputation of artists like Pollock, Rothko, and Motherwell with European audiences. Other updated entries include designers Eliot Noyes and Tomoko Niho, as well as architects Cesar Pelli, Rem Koolhaas, and Montgomery Meigs, who supervised construction of the US Capitol dome. Revised subject entries cover performance art, Mormons, Newport, the Prairie school, montage, and Mesa Verde, home to the Ancestral Pueblo people (Anasazi) between AD 550 and 1300. Modern and contemporary artists updated include Mel Bochner, Marsden Hartley, Paul McCarthy, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Mary Miss, Matt Mullican, Elizabeth Murray, and Bruce Nauman. New images of American art and architecture have also been added to Grove in this update, including Judy Chicago’s Dinner Party, Jean-Michel Basquiat’s Cassius Clay, Robert Rauschenberg’s Self-portrait, and building designs submitted to the 1922 Chicago Tribune Competition by Adolph Loos, Eliel Saarinen and Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer.
Alodie Larson, Editor
Molly Tranberg, Associate Editor