American Art and Architecture
In this season’s update, Grove Art Online presents 94 new and revised articles on American art and architecture. Many new and updated entries added to Grove in the past two years originated with the development of the Grove Encyclopedia of American Art, a project edited by Joan Marter and released in 2011. This project updated and expanded Grove’s coverage of American art and architecture, spanning the Pre-Columbian era to the colonial period to the 21st century.
The most recent group of entries includes new biographies of architect Daniel Libeskind and painter Mary Fairchild MacMonnies. Newly revised articles cover industrialist and collector Henry Clay Frick, sculptor Harriet Hosmer, and designer Donald Deskey, who created the unique interiors of Radio City Music Hall as well as iconic product packaging like Tide detergent’s signature Day-Glo target. Other updated entries include architects Gordon Bunshaft, Maya Lin, William Le Baron Jenney, and Victor Gruen, who developed the now-ubiquitous model for shopping centers in the United States, beginning with his Southdale Shopping Center in Minneapolis in 1956. Revised subject entries cover cities of Atlanta, Cleveland, and Dallas, as well as the City Beautiful Movement. Modern and contemporary artists updated include Alice Aycock, Sarah Charlesworth, Mary Kelly, James Lee Byars, Dan Flavin, Joyce Kozloff, Dan Graham, and Roni Horn. New images of American art and architecture have also been added to Grove in this update, including Thomas Hart Benton’s July Hay, Romare Bearden’s Black Manhattan, George Caleb Bingham’s The Jolly Flatboatmen, and John Singer Sargent’s Gassed, a haunting image depicting the aftermath of a gas attack Sargent witnessed during a visit to the Western Front in World War I.
Alodie Larson, Editor
Molly Tranberg, Associate Editor