September 2014

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Peter Paul Rubens: Battle of Anghiari (also called the Battle for the Standard), black chalk, pen and brown ink, heightened with gray white, 452x637 mm, 15th century (Paris, Louvre); © RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, NY    Nja Mahdaoui: The drum's silence, Indian ink on vellum, double membrane drum, d. 670mm, 1996, this artwork was originally created to be part of the set of a percussion show 'Joussour' (bridges), performed in Tunisia in 1996 (London, British Museum); © The Trustees of the British Museum/Art Resource, NY/Courtesy of Nja MahdaouiBoghossian Skunder: The End of the Beginning, oil on canvas, 1225x1700 mm, 1972‒73 (Washington, DC, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, museum purchase, 91-18-2); © National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution/Photograph by Franko Khoury

September 2014 Update

New to Grove Art

African Art and Architecture
Supervised by Dr. Steven Nelson of UCLA, this latest update expands Grove’s coverage of African art with 25 new and 39 revised entries. This group includes new biographies of Gavin Jantjes, Sue Williamson, and Sammy Baloji, as well as new subject entries on African film and on art festivals and exhibitions including Dak'Art, FESMAN, and FESTAC. Other additions include new essays on Mousgoum and Sudanic architecture and a new article chronicling modern art in Africa from the early 20th century through the 1960s.

American art
Grove is also pleased to add 94 new and revised articles on American art to the site, with updated biographies on artists Dan Flavin and Richard Hunt, as well as architects Gordon Bunshaft, Maya Lin, and Victor Gruen. New entries include artist and architect Daniel Libeskind and American painter Mary Fairchild MacMonnies.

Medieval art articles
We continue to add updated articles on medieval art, whose development was overseen by Dr. Colum P. Hourihane of Princeton University, editor of the recently published Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture. 174 medieval art entries were updated this May, including Giovanni Boccaccio, Merovingian art, and the Lindisfarne Gospels.

New images
In this update, 111 new images have been added, including 25 new images from the Yale University Art Gallery’s collection of African Art, with objects from the Baule, Yoruba, Baga, Mossi, and Nok cultures. New images also include work from contemporary African artists such as Jane Alexander, Ingrid Mwangi, Zineb Sedira, and Kendell Geers as well as architect David Adjaye.

Also with this update are iconic images such as Leonardo da Vinci’s The Virgin of the Rocks, as well as medieval objects from the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Walters Art Museum collections.

Updated articles
As part of our ongoing initiative to keep existing Grove content current, many additional articles have been revised to reflect developments in recent scholarship. These articles span the breadth of Grove’s diverse content, from biographies of patron Sir John Thynne and fashion designer Carolina Herrera to subject entries on Neo-Impressionism, country houses, the Knights Templar, and Sound and art.

Explore the full list of new and revised entries, and see our Friends page for more information on our partnerships.

New to Benezit

Native North American artists
This update sees the addition of 70 new and 15 revised articles on Native North American artists, led by guest editor Stephanie Pratt. New articles on 20th-century Native American and First Nations artists include the biographies of Kelly Jean Church, R.C. Gorman, James Luna, and Rebecca Belmore. Revised biographies include Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, Kenojuak Ashevak, and Jimmie Durham.

Updated bibliographies and auction records
This update also includes 20 updated bibliographies of 19th-century French artists such as Pierre Bonnard, Odilon Redon, and Jean-Antoine Houdon, as well as 20 updated auction records of American artists such as Grant Wood, Lee Krasner, and Georgia O’Keeffe.

Image partnerships
We continue to add images to Benezit through our partnerships with, which brings new artists’ signatures to the resource, complementing the existing collection of over 11,000 images, and the Frick Collection, which is providing Benezit with portraits and self-portraits of artists to illustrate their biographies (see, for example, Jean-Léon Gérôme). See our Friends page for more.

For more information, visit About Benezit, view Benezit's contributor page, or read about its history.

Updating Programs


A major initiative is currently underway, involving the participation of all 7,000+ members of our contributor community. All authors are invited to submit updates to their articles – especially to bibliographies – to ensure that articles reflect the latest research and bibliographies include the most recent publications. Read more about this project and how to get involved.

User feedback

All users are welcome to email the editors at to suggest corrections, revisions, and new topics for articles and subject guides. We look forward to hearing your feedback. To offer your thoughts and comments regarding general site enhancements, you may use the Contact Us form.

Italian Renaissance Learning Resources

We invite you to explore the freely available Italian Renaissance Learning Resources site. This resource features eight units, each of which explores a different theme in Italian Renaissance art and is complemented by lavish illustrations and resources for educators.

This resource is the result of a collaboration between the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, and Grove Art Online, made possible through the generous support of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation and developed by Sandbox Studios.

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