- Mary M. Tinti
American art movement based in California in the 1960s whose practitioners included Robert Arneson, Joan Brown (1938–90), Roy De Forest, Robert Hudson, Manuel Neri (b 1930), Peter Saul and William T. Wiley, among others. The movement was an outgrowth of the art being taught and tested at the University of California, Davis, where many of these artists were on the faculty together. Familiar with the tenets of Abstract Expressionism, these artists created something different. Whereas the Bay Area figurative painters chose to re-insert obvious subject matter into their loosely painted canvases, the Funk artists embraced a mixture of materials, narrative, figuration and abstraction that was unlike anything being produced on either coast. They rejected the austerity and rigidity of Minimalism, and favored a more West Coast-oriented, cartoonish, irreverent, funny, self-referential and outrageously whimsical form of Pop art. While the term references this difference, and the funky, bawdy, often crude overtones in these works, according to Peter Selz its precise derivative came from jazz lingo. It was Selz who formally recognized the aesthetic trends taking shape at the University of California, Berkeley with his ...