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Horta, Victorlocked

(b Ghent, Jan 6, 1861; d Brussels, Sept 8, 1947).
  • Sherban Cantacuzino

Extract

Belgian architect and teacher. Although his work was confined almost entirely to Brussels, the ten years (1893–1903) of his active career working in the Art Nouveau style had a revolutionary effect on European perceptions of 19th-century rules of design. Apart from initiating and developing the style in Brussels, creating in particular interiors in which his furniture and decoration were remarkable for their stylistic unity and were in complete opposition to the eclecticism of ‘conventional’ contemporary interior decoration, he was one of the first architects to consider the potential of the open plan. He also applied the rationalist principles of Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc regarding the exposure of the iron structures of his buildings, and he was the first to make extensive use of cast iron in domestic architecture, combining the taste of an artist with the skill of an engineer in fashioning iron into the sinuous organic outlines characteristic of Art Nouveau. After ...

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