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Andreas Stolzenburg

In 

See Stimmer family

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Carl Van de Velde

In 

See Noort, van family

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Gordon Campbell

Pittsburgh glasshouse founded in 1851 and active throughout the second half of the 19th century. The factory produced tableware and lamps; its glass included flint glass, lime glass and cut glass and, in the 1870s and 1880s, opal ware.

J. Shadel Spillman: ‘Adams & Company’, ...

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Courtney Ann Shaw

American tapestry artist, painter and stained-glass designer. Adams studied painting at Syracuse University and with Hans Hoffmann in New York, where he was influenced by the medieval tapestries in the Cloisters and also by the work of Matisse. In the 1950s Adams was apprenticed to the influential French tapestry designer ...

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See Cuyp family

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Gordon Campbell

Striped-pattern glass in which the coloured bands resemble those of natural agate. The bands are created by mixing molten glass of two or more colours. The technique was known in Classical antiquity and was revived in 15th-century Venice and Germany.

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Christine Mullen Kreamer

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

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Gordon Campbell

Spiral of air bubbles used for decorative effect in the stem of a wine-glass, popular in English glasses from the 18th century.

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Gordon Campbell

Blown glass rose-water sprinkler with four spouts, made in Catalonia since the 17th century and subsequently produced in Venetian glasshouses. The Catalan dance known as the morratxa is so called because the dancers carry almorratxes.

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See Vivarini family

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Alzata  

Gordon Campbell

Type of Italian plate, mounted on a high thin stem, often for use as a centrepiece or fruit bowl; sometimes a series of plates and stems is mounted on top of each other. The plates are usually made of glass or pottery.

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Gordon Campbell

Type of American glass patented in 1883 by Joseph Locke (1846–1936; head designer of the New England Glass Co.) and Edward Libby (1827–83; owner of the glassworks; see also United States of America, §VIII, 3). Amberina glass is usually amber at the bottom, shading to red at the top, but there is also glass in which the colours are reversed (known as ‘reverse amberina’). The effect is created by reheating the top (or, in ‘reverse amberina’, the bottom) of the glass before it has fully cooled....

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Ellen Paul Denker

American glass manufacturer of German birth. He was associated with his brother’s mirror-glass factory in the town of Grünenplan before his venture to make table wares and utility glass in America began in 1784. With backing from investors in Bremen, Germany, Amelung brought 68 glass craftsmen and furnace equipment to the USA. He purchased an existing glasshouse near Frederick, MD, along with ...

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Ampulla  

Gordon Campbell

Small vessel, usually made of glass, used in ancient Rome and later in the Western church, for holding consecrated oil, or for other sacred uses.

V. Ascani: ‘Ampolla’, Enciclopedia dell’arte medievale, 1 (Rome, 1991), pp. 524–6C. Lambert and P. Pedemonte Demeglio: ‘Ampolle devozionali ed itinerari di pellegrinaggio tra IV e VII secolo’, ...

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Ludovica Trezzani

In 

See Both family

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Gordon Campbell

Tempering or toughening of glass after fusion; in this sense, the term is also used of cast iron, pottery and silver. In historic usage, annealing could also denote the burning of metallic colours into glass.

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See Vivarini family

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Thomas Dacosta Kaufmann

Italian painter, draughtsman and tapestry designer, active also in Austria and Bohemia. He came from a distinguished Milanese family that included a number of archbishops of the city; his father was the painter Biagio Arcimboldo. Giuseppe is first documented in 1549, working with his father for Milan Cathedral; he received payments until ...

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Elisabetta Scirocco

Italian sculptor. Alberto was one of the chief artists in Trecento Florence. His name is first recorded in 1351, when he was paid to work on the marble windows of the campanile of the Cathedral. He is generally ascribed (Becherucci) the rhomboid tiles with bas-reliefs depicting the ...

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Suzanne Tise

Descriptive term applied to a style of decorative arts that was widely disseminated in Europe and the USA during the 1920s and 1930s. Derived from the style made popular by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925, the term has been used only since the late 1960s, when there was a revival of interest in the decorative arts of the early 20th century. Since then the term ‘Art Deco’ has been applied to a wide variety of works produced during the inter-war years, and even to those of the German Bauhaus. But Art Deco was essentially of French origin, and the term should, therefore, be applied only to French works and those from countries directly influenced by France....