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Jurgis Elisonas

Japanese castle in Azuchi-chō, Shiga Prefecture. It was the prototype of the sumptuous residential castles of the Momoyama period (1568–1600) of Japanese history (often called the Azuchi–Momoyama period, taking its name from the castle). This palatial citadel was built as the visible sign of the new order imposed on Japan by ...


J. F. Morris

Japanese site in the city of Matsumoto, central Nagano Prefecture. The castle, which was of the hirajiro (‘castle on a plain’) type, was important as an example of Azuchi–Momoyama-period (1568–1600) and Edo-period (1600–1868) architecture. The only surviving original buildings are in the donjon complex, consisting of a main donjon and a lesser donjon (both ...



Önhan Tunca, E. P. Uphill, Rob Jameson, Thorsten Opper, Janet Delaine, James Stevens Curl, Jonathan M. Bloom, Christopher Tadgell, Roya Marefat, Stanislaus Fung, Chang Kyung-Ho, Bruce A. Coats, Sian E. Jay, J. C. Moughtin and H. Stanley Loten

Official residence of an emperor, king, pope, or other sovereign ruler. The word derives from the Palatine Hill in Rome, where the residence of the Emperor Augustus (reg 27 bcad 14) was sited. This building was later developed as the Palace of the Caesars, covering the entire hill, and the name began to be applied to all other royal and imperial residences, including those of earlier eras. It was also later given to the official dwelling of the archbishop or bishop in a cathedral city and was then extended to any episcopal residence. Subsequently, many princely mansions (e.g. the ...