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Andrews, John (Hamilton)locked

(b Sydney, Oct 29, 1933).
  • Jennifer Taylor

Australian architect. He graduated from the University of Sydney in 1956 and from the Graduate School of Design, Harvard, in 1958. He established his practice in Toronto in 1962 and received early acclaim for the design of Scarborough College (1963), University of Toronto. This was followed by major commissions throughout North America, including Gund Hall (1968), Harvard, Cambridge, MA. Andrews’s North American buildings are characterized by heroic forms, usually in reinforced concrete, determined by the functional programme. Circulation patterns and geometry are the primary ordering devices in complexes of bold articulated units such as Scarborough College, University Student Residences (1965), Guelph, Ont., and the Port Passenger Terminal (1967), Miami.

These interests dominate the buildings he designed after his return to Sydney in 1969. The Cameron Offices (1976), Canberra, demonstrates his concern for the user and his belief that buildings are not independent entities but parts of the larger whole that is the city. However, the very containment of the urban enclave constituted by the Merlin Hotel (1984), Perth, suggests disillusionment with the ability of others to accept and build upon the invitations his earlier urban offerings represented. Response to place became increasingly evident in his Australian buildings such as the Andrews farmhouse (1980), Eugowra, NSW, which, with its use of passive energy systems, displays the sense and symbolism of the Australian rural vernacular tradition. Andrews’s Australian buildings are less well known than his North American works, but his greatest contribution has been in his own country where, by example, he has provided leadership and raised confidence and aspiration.


  • with J. Taylor: John Andrews: Architecture, a Performing Art (Melbourne, 1982)


  • C. Moore, ed.: Canadian Architecture, 1960–70 (Toronto, 1971)
  • A plus U [Architecture and urbanism] (May, 1974) [supernumerary issue]
  • Architecture in Australia [prev. pubd as Architecture [Sydney]] (Feb, 1981) [supernumerary issue]
  • J. Taylor: Australian Architecture since 1960 (Sydney, 1986)

See also