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‛Abd al-Samad [(Khwāja) ‛Abd al-Ṣamad; ‛Abd as-Ṣamad; Abdus Ṣamad]locked

(fl c. 1540–95).
  • Milo Cleveland Beach,
  • Sheila S. Blair
  •  and Jonathan M. Bloom

Extract

Iranian miniature painter and calligrapher, active also in India. Trained in Safavid Iran, ‛Abd al-Samad migrated to India, where he became director of the Mughal painting workshops under the emperor Akbar (reg 1556–1605). In this key position, he influenced the development of Mughal painting in the second half of the 16th century more than any other artist (...

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E. Yar Shater, ed.: Encyclopedia Iranica (London, 1986)
[flourished]
Enciclopedia universale dell’arte, 15 vols (Rome, 1958–67); Eng. trans. as Encyclopedia of World Art (New York, 1959–68)