Welcome to Grove® Art Online
- The foremost scholarly art encyclopedia, updated regularly and covering global art and architecture from prehistory to present day
- Includes peer-reviewed articles contributed by nearly 7,000 scholars from around the world, accompanied by images, bibliographies, and links to additional resources
Art legislation involves two key legislative areas—the recognition of intellectual property rights and the protection of cultural properties. After World War II, many countries enacted laws to protect their cultural heritage, and after the 1960s, concern over the destruction of archaeological sites and the looting of art treasures resulted in international treaties and laws to stem the black-market trade.
Completed in 1959, the Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro includes an exhibition building suspended from trapezoidal portal frames over an open ground floor. Appearing logical yet organic, the museum illustrates the spatial and structural innovation typical of its architect, Alfonso Eduardo Reidy.
In this update, Grove Art publishes 26 emendations and 56 articles that have been updated and revised with new scholarship.