Welcome to Grove® Art Online

  • The foremost scholarly art encyclopedia, updated regularly and covering global art and architecture from prehistory to present day
  • Includes peer-reviewed articles contributed by nearly 7,000 scholars from around the world, accompanied by images, bibliographies, and links to additional resources
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Letter from the Editor, Dr. Judith Rodenbeck

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci Portrait of a Lady with an Ermine

The founding father of the High Renaissance style, Leonardo da Vinci helped to establish the ideals of representation and expression that were to dominate European academies for the next 400 years. His Portrait of a Lady with an Ermine achieved unprecedented complexity and innovation; the implied narrative of the sitter turning to look at an unseen companion permitted a new kind of psychological communication in portraiture.

African American Expatriate Artists

Palmer Hayden Nous Quatre a Paris

Between the world wars, Paris became a mecca for artists, musicians, and writers from all over the world. African American artists moved to the French capital in search of search of a sense of community and freedom to be creative, spurred by the opportunity to escape the widespread racial discrimination experienced in the United States.

We are pleased to reintroduce Grove Art with a new look and enhanced functionality, as well as to announce our new Editor in Chief, Judith Rodenbeck. Forthcoming articles this fall include new biographies on contemporary and Latin American artists, as well as articles on art markets and collecting.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner painting Street Dresden

Subject Guides

Learn more about major time periods and art movements with our subject guides. Each guide includes a brief introduction to a popular topic in the visual arts, with links to key essays and biographies as well as external resources.

Marta de Menezes: Functional Portrait

What's New

Grove Art is pleased to welcome Dr. Judith Rodenbeck as Editor in Chief. A specialist in modern and contemporary art, she has supervised recent commissioning to bring more living artists into the dictionary.

Collection of art


UpdateGAO is an ongoing initiative to revise Grove’s articles in collaboration with their original authors, yielding updates to reflect recent developments and new scholarship. Have you contributed to Grove and want to update your article(s)? Let us know.

Christies employees taking phone bids at an auction

Latin American Art

Grove Art continues a major initiative to revise and expand Grove’s content on Latin American art and architecture. Led by Tom Cummins at Harvard University, this project includes scholarship on topics from the Pre-Columbian period to present day.