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Abbasid  

Robert Hillenbrand

Islamic dynasty that ruled from several capitals in Iraq between ad 749 and 1258. The Abbasids traced their descent from al-‛Abbas, the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad, and were thus able to claim a legitimacy that their predecessors had lacked (see Umayyad, §1). The Abbasids rose to power in north-east Iran by channelling disaffection with Umayyad rule, but they soon established their capitals in a more central location, founding ...

Article

Jane Geddes

Deluxe manuscript (Aberdeen, U. Lib., MS. 24) made in England around 1200. It is remarkable for its lavish illustrations, amply covered in gold leaf; for the wealth of its codicological data and for its close relationship to the Ashmole Bestiary. The book was left unfinished, so sketches and the detailed instructions for its colouring and assembly remain visible. The last few pages were completed in the 14th century. The book begins with a Creation cycle of full-page miniatures culminating in ...

Article

Acutus  

Italian, 12th century, male.

Active in Pianella during the second half of the 12th century.

Sculptor.

According to an inscription, this artist made the throne in S Angelo, Pranella.

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Active probably active in Montamiata.

Miniaturist, calligrapher.

Tuscan School.

Adalbert collaborated in the writing and decoration of a Bible in four or five volumes for the Carthusian library in Calci, near Pisa, which was left by Cardinal Nicola di Prato to the Dominican monastery of Viterbo in ...

Article

Italian, 12th century, male.

Sculptor, architect.

According to an inscription, this artist worked on the columns of the crypt of S Zeno, Verona.

Article

12th century, male.

Miniaturist.

Article

Ademar  

French, 12th century, male.

Miniaturist.

According to a document preserved in the Bibliothèque nationale de Paris, Ademar was a monk in a monastery in Limoges.

Article

A. Gerhardt

Benedictine abbey on the River Enns in Styria, Austria. It was founded in the mid-11th century by Bishop Gebhard from Salzburg, endowed by St Henna von Gurk, Gräfin von Friessach (d 1045), and settled by Benedictine monks from St Peter’s, Salzburg under Abbot Isingrin. The Romanesque minster (consecrated ...

Article

Agnes  

German, 12th century, female.

Born 12th century.

Miniaturist.

A nun and the daughter of the Margrave Arnold von Meissen, Agnes was abbess of Quedlinburg from 1184 to 1203, and during this time she proved herself a distinguished miniaturist. A Gospel Book, of which she may have painted the initials, is attributed to her....

Article

French, 12th century, male.

Miniaturist.

According to an inscription on a 12th-century bible (Paris), Aimardus worked on a liber floratum containing the Legend of St Martial of Limoges.