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Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the United States.

Born 7 January 1830 , in Solingen, near Düsseldorf; died 18 February 1902 , in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, photographer. Figures, local figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, waterscapes, mountainscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals, insects...

Article

Nancy Anderson

American painter of German birth. In a career spanning the entire second half of the 19th century, Bierstadt emerged as the first technically sophisticated artist to travel to the Far West of America, adapt European and Hudson River School prototypes to a new landscape and produce paintings powerful in their nationalistic and religious symbolism....

Article

Lauretta Dimmick

American painter. One of the most important visionary artists in late 19th-century America, Blakelock was self-taught as a painter. From 1867 he was exhibiting landscapes in the style of the Hudson River school at the National Academy of Design in New York. Rather than going abroad for advanced training, like most of his contemporaries, he spent the years ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 2 February 1814, in Boston; died 25 June 1889, in Malden (Massachusetts).

Painter, engraver (wood/copper). Genre scenes, landscapes, waterscapes.

Hudson River School.

Before going to Europe, where he studied in Paris and Florence, George Loring Brown illustrated children's books in Boston. He later returned to Boston and settled there in ...

Article

John Driscoll

American engraver, draughtsman and painter. At 15 he was apprenticed to the engraver Peter Maverick (1780–1871) and then to Asher B. Durand. Casilear and his brother George formed a business partnership that eventually developed into the American Bank Note Co., the principal private ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1796, in Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania); died 1872, in Jersey City (New Jersey).

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Portraits, genre scenes, local scenes, hunting scenes, animals, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

George Catlin was educated as a lawyer and practised in Philadelphia for two years. He then turned to art study and became a portrait painter in New York City. In the 1820s he decided that he would make it his life's work to record the life and culture of American Indians living on the Plains and in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born c. 1807 or 1808, in England; died 1866, in the USA.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, seascapes.

Hudson River School.

Thomas Chambers arrived in the USA in 1832 and took American nationality. A painter of landscapes and portraits in the Naive style, he seems to have taken his inspiration from engravings of scenes of American life and he became well-known in New York in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 4 May 1826 , in Hartford (Connecticut); died 7 April 1900 , in New York.

Painter. Landscapes.

Frederic Edwin Church studied under Thomas Cole in Catskill, New York, and was an admirer of J. M. W. Turner. Keeping New York as his base, he made many journeys that provided him with subjects for his painting. When he returned from South America in 1859, he exhibited a painting that caused quite a stir, ...

Article

Franklin Kelly

American painter. He was a leading representative of the second generation of the Hudson River school, who made an important contribution to American landscape painting in the 1850s and 1860s. The son of a wealthy and prominent businessman, he studied briefly in Hartford with two local artists, ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1816; died 1871.

Painter. Waterscapes, seascapes, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

Coates lived in New York City during his active period from 1837 to 1872. Brooklyn and New York City directories from those years list him as Edward, Edmund C., E.C. and E.G. Coates. He painted landscapes of Canada and Italy though it is not known if the artist traveled there or if other works inspired the scenes. He exhibited at the Apollo gallery and association in ...

Article

Angela L. Miller

American painter and poet of English birth. Cole was the leading figure in American landscape painting during the first half of the 19th century and had a significant influence on the painters of the Hudson River school, among them Jasper Cropsey, Asher B. Durand and ...

Article

Merrill Halkerston

American painter, interior designer and writer. Colman grew up in New York, where his father, Samuel Colman, ran a successful publishing business. The family bookstore on Broadway, a popular meeting place for artists, offered Colman early introductions to such Hudson River school painters as Asher B(rown) Durand...

Article

William S. Talbot

American painter and architect. Cropsey was a practising architect by 1843, but in that year he also exhibited a landscape painting, to favourable reviews, at the National Academy of Design, in New York. He greatly admired Thomas Cole for his dramatic use of the American landscape, but Cropsey brought to his panoramic vistas a more precise recording of nature, as in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 18 February 1823, in Rossville (Staten Island, New York); died 22 June 1900, in Hastings-on-Hudson (New York).

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, architect. Landscapes.

Hudson River School.

Jasper Francis Cropsey began his career as an architect, but gave up the profession to paint landscapes. He lived in Rome ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1793, in Philadelphia; died 1856, in New York.

Painter, lithographer. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Hudson River School.

Until the age of 30, Thomas Doughty worked as a currier for a leather merchant. He then studied painting from 1814 to 1820. He exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in ...

Article

Edward J. Nygren

American painter. Doughty belonged to the generation of American landscape painters that included Thomas Cole and Asher B. Durand and was an important precursor of the Hudson River school. Basically self-taught, he worked as a leather currier in Philadelphia, PA, before becoming an artist. In ...

Article

Joseph D. Ketner II and Wendy Jean Katz

African American painter. A self-taught artist and landscape painter of the Hudson River school tradition, Duncanson was the first African American artist to receive international recognition (see fig.). Born into a family of painters and handymen, Duncanson first worked as a house-painter and glazier in Monroe, MI. By ...

Article

J. Gray Sweeney

American painter and engraver. Durand has long been considered a key figure of the Hudson River school of American landscape painting. Durand was born into a working-class family, the eighth of eleven children, in Maplewood, NJ (then called Jefferson Village), and died in his father’s house at age 90. His father was a watchmaker and silversmith, and in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 21 August 1796, in Jefferson Village, now Maplewood (New Jersey); died 17 December 1886, in Maplewood (New Jersey).

Painter, engraver. History painting, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Hudson River School.

Asher Brown Durand, a remarkable artist from a French family that fled to America at the time of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, was a founder of the American National Academy of Design, and served as its president ...

Article

Fred B. Adelson

American painter. Soon after he left the tutelage of John Ritto Penniman (c. 1782–1841), he began to paint genre landscapes such as Winter in Milton, Massachusetts (1815; Montclair, NJ, A. Mus.), which depicts a man on a horse-drawn sleigh enjoying the beauty of a fresh New England snowfall. In this work the artist seems more concerned with presenting an image of peacefulness than with the specific identification of the site. Despite its early date, the painting suggests the influence of Claude Lorrain as well as 17th-century Dutch winter scenes....