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Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1961.

Born 6 July 1936, in Nagoya (Aichi Prefecture).

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Neo-Dadaist Organisers group.

Shusaku Arakawa studied medicine and mathematics at Tokyo University (1954-1958) and art at Musashino Art University, Tokyo. He began his career in the 1960s when he concerned himself with the representation of impossible space, which corresponded to Marcel Duchamp’s scientific interest in the fourth dimension. In 1960 he was involved in anti-art and Neo-Dadaism in Tokyo and produced his first happenings....

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1986.

Born 1955, in Shanghai; died 13 December 2000.

Assemblage artist, installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Chen Zhen designed his installations to reflect specific locations. He would juxtapose natural elements such as water, sand, wood and stone with assemblages of day-to-day objects, usually their residue or waste, thus imbuing them with a sort of supplementary existence....

Article

Mary M. Tinti

American sculptor, installation and conceptual artist. His multimedia works investigate the pathology of contemporary culture. Mel Chin was born and raised in Houston, Texas to parents of Chinese birth and received his BA in 1975 from the Peabody College in Nashville, Tennessee. The works in Chin’s oeuvre are diverse in both medium and subject, but a consistent undercurrent of social, political, and environmental responsibility runs throughout. Whether a sculpture, film, video game, installation, public project or earthwork, Chin’s artworks consistently targeted a broad spectrum of pressing cultural and ecological interests and spread their message in subtle, if not viral ways....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Niigata Prefecture.

Painter.

Mono-ha (school of things); Conceptual Art.

Honda Shingo specialises in conceptual art and photographic collage. After interrupting his studies at Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music in mid-programme, he had his first solo shows in Tokyo in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1989.

Born 1954, in Xiamen (Fujian).

Installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Huang Yongping graduated from the fine arts academy of Zhejiang in 1982. He was active in the Xiamen Dada group. He left China for Paris in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Kobe.

Painter, sculptor of assemblages. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Kawaguchi studied at the Tama School of Fine Art in Tokyo, graduating in 1962. He teaches at the University of Akashi. Kawaguchi’s interest in conceptual art appeared early in his career. Since then, he has used the new media of light, video, photography and film. He creates assemblages of markers arranged in a space, some of which can be electronically stimulated. Interested in making his art available outside normal gallery and museum spaces, he has produced two works for Japanese high schools: ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA fromc.1962.

Born 1933, in Kariya (Aichi); died late June 2014, in New York City.

Painter, collage artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Mail Art.

Kawara is a self-taught artist. After painting his early works in Japan, he emigrated to the USA in the early 1960s. His first works from the 1950s express a desire to exploit the grotesque, as in the swollen female torsoes surrounded by scattered, apparently floating limbs of the ...

Article

Akira Tatehata

Japanese painter, draughtsman, and conceptual artist, active in the USA. After graduating from Kariya High School in 1951, he moved to Tokyo, exhibiting at the Yomiuri Independent Exhibitions. His sensibility for a cold materialism became apparent in his series of drawings Bathroom, of dismembered grotesque nude bodies (...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 April 1948, in Osaka.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

Kitatsuji Yoshihisa studied at the Tama Art School, Tokyo, from 1968 to 1972. The next year he travelled to the West, visiting France, Germany, Italy and The Netherlands. He lives and works in Osaka. His work is first and foremost a reflection on painting itself, how the image fades and wastes away; at the same time, his work is concerned with the artist’s eye, which gives the image its quality. He uses photocopying techniques to produce modified repetitions of an original drawing....

Article

Yulin Lee

Taiwanese conceptual artist, active also in the USA. Lin studied at the Otis Art Institute of Parsons School of Design in Los Angeles in 1990 and then the Art Center College of Design, Pasadena in 1993. Although Lin was born in Japan, he spent his early childhood in Taiwan and then moved to the USA. These transcultural experiences complicated the task of positioning himself as an artist after his return in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born c. 1954.

Painter.

Maita Masafumi’s painting is related to Conceptual Art. It relies on photographic documents and attempts to embody an intervention by the artist into natural phenomena, and to call them into question. He won the grand prix at the sixth International Exhibition of Young Artists at Sizuoka in ...

Article

Wu Mali  

Yulin Lee

Taiwanese conceptual artist ( see fig. ). After graduating in 1979 from Tamkang University in Taipei with a degree in German language and culture, Wu left for Germany to study sculpture at the National Art Academy, Düsseldorf (1985). After graduating from Düsseldorf, she returned to Taiwan, where the lifting of martial law triggered vital socio-political and economic changes. As society swiftly shifted from the staleness of authoritarianism to effervescent pluralism and decentralization, Wu took a strong interest in the emerging social, political and historical hierarchies. Informed by her literary background, Wu’s early installation works ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1922.

Painter.

Conceptual Art.

Matsuzawa Yutaka graduated in architecture from Waseda University, Tokyo, in 1946. In 1955 he went to the USA, where he spent two years studying the philosophy of religion at Columbia University and gave up architecture. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 18 December 1937, in Tokyo; died 15 February 1978, in Kyoto.

Sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

Miki Tomio learned barbering and graduated from the Eisi technical school in 1957. As a sculptor, he was self-taught, and his sculpture is akin to Conceptual Art in some of its manifestations. Its central theme is the ear. This is the organ which is least integrated into the human anatomy, as it is almost detached, and for Miki it has become the symbol of de-communication, a symbol which enables him to express the absurdity and futility of a world in which communication is impossible. In the early 1970s, however, his work began moving away from the ear motif....

Article

Joan Kee

Taiwanese conceptual artist, active also in the USA. Lee spent his childhood in Taichung, where he studied Chan Buddhism from the age of eight. At 12, Lee spent time among Taiwanese expatriates in the Dominican Republic, and two years later moved to the USA, where he later studied biology at the University of Washington, Seattle. He transferred, however, to the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland, CA, where he focused on architecture and textiles (...

Article

Morgan Falconer and Mary Chou

Japanese painter and sculptor. He studied at Tokyo National University of Fine Art and Music (BFA 1986, MFA 1988, PhD 1993). Murakami began to gain recognition as a sculptor in the early 1990s. Drawing on Minimalism and conceptual art, his work often explored the clash between contemporary Japanese and American culture. ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in the Hyogo region.

Video artist. Multimedia.

Mono-ha (school of things), Conceptual Art.

Nomura Hitoshi was a student at the municipal fine arts school in Kyoto. In 1975 the question posed by his artistry was where the border lies between what is art and what is not, and his energies were concentrated solely on the creative act. He made several videos and recorded some discs....

Article

Karen M. Fraser

Japanese photographer, sculptor, and conceptual artist. He studied at Kyoto City University of Fine Arts, where he earned a BFA in 1967 and an MFA in 1969. Nomura was initially trained as a sculptor. In his MFA thesis project, Tardiology (1969), Nomura explored the idea of non-permanent sculptural form, creating an eight-metre tall cardboard sculpture and then using photographs to record the changes in form as the boxes gradually collapsed under their own weight. From that point on photography was one of his primary media. Nomura was interested in investigating processes of scientific and natural phenomena with a particular focus on the passage of time. He used photographs to capture movement and changes over time and to make previously unseen things visible. Many of his projects were created over lengthy periods, with photographs being taken daily or monthly and for years. In his ...

Article

Marta Filipova

Slovak conceptual artist. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bratislava and has held residencies in the USA, Germany, Japan, and Switzerland. He has been exhibiting since 1996. His work usually involves the participation of exhibition visitors, who help to carry out experiences that Ondák designs. The visitor is no longer just a spectator – his or her presence, sound, or visual contribution become part of the work of art. Ondák thus challenges the dichotomies of the private and the public spheres, the inside and the outside, the real and the anticipated....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Yokohama.

Painter.

Like many young Japanese artists of the 1960s and 1970s, Ono Masuho was not an adherent of Pop Art or Conceptual Art; indeed, his work remained austere and demanding, and was a manifestation of Geometric Abstraction and Constructivism....