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Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Tokyo.

Painter.

Kongo Abe spent time in France when Surrealism was emerging. The movement had a great influence on him and he introduced Surrealist ideas to Japan on his return.

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1913, in Niigata.

Painter.

Nobuya Abe was self-taught. He was one of the founders of the Bunka Kyokai (Art Culture Association). Although traditional in origin, his painting evolved into informal abstraction. His work has been represented in numerous exhibitions throughout the world, including the São Paulo Biennale in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1877; died 1956.

Painter.

In the exhibition of Japanese art organised by the Jeu de Paume Museum in Paris in 1929, Shunpo Abe’s work was included in the entitled Contemporary Classical School rather than the traditional Japanese painting section.

Article

Margaret Medley

English diplomat, collector and art historian. In 1947, as a member of the British Diplomatic Service, he was posted to Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, then the capital of the Nationalist Chinese government. He became interested in Chinese art and history and began a collection of porcelain, furniture and textiles at a time of political and economic uncertainty, when Chinese collectors were forced to sell. When he moved to the British embassy in Beijing in ...

Article

Ado  

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1962.

Born 23 December 1936, in Tokyo; died 1994, in Paris.

Painter, screen printer.

Ado was the son of Sato Kei. In 1960 he graduated from Keio University, Tokyo, majoring in the history of aesthetics. He went to Paris in ...

Article

Agano  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese region in Buzen Province (now part of Fukuoka Prefect.), northern Kyushu, where stonewares were manufactured at various sites from c. 1600 (see also Japan, §IX, 3, (i), (d)).

The first potter to make Agano ware was the Korean master Chon’gye (Jap. Sonkai; ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Agikuchi exhibited two paintings at the 1933 Salon des Tuileries in Paris.

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in China and the United States.

Born 18 May 1957, in Beijing, China.

Artist, architect, designer, curator, publisher, activist.

After spending most of his childhood in the provinces of China, Ai Weiwei moved to Beijing in the mid-1970s to attend the city’s film academy. While there, he co-founded the first of the loose collectives of pro-democracy artists to emerge in the city, known as the Stars Group (...

Article

Ai Xuan  

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Jinhua (Zhejiang).

Painter. Scenes with figures, figures, landscapes.

Ai Xuan was the son of the poet Ai Qing and grew up in a cultured environment, which left its stamp on him. He began his artistic studies at the central preparatory school of fine arts in Beijing in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 24 June 1907, in Hiroshima Prefecture; died 19 January 1946, in Shanghai.

Painter. Figures.

When Ai Mitsu enrolled at the Tensai school of fine arts (Tensai Gajuku) in Osaka in 1923 he took the name Aikawa Mitsuro, from which he derived his artist name Ai Mitsu. In ...

Article

Michael Spens

Japanese architect, teacher and writer. He graduated from Waseda University, Tokyo, in 1960 and obtained his MArch in 1966 and DEng in 1971. He began teaching architecture at Shibaura Institute of Technology in 1962, becoming a lecturer in engineering there in 1966 and subsequently assistant professor (...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Tokyo.

Print artist, painter, draughtsman, collage artist.

Aigasa Masayoshi graduated from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in 1962 and has been a member of the Japan Print Association since 1969. Aigasa’s style, which derives from fantasy art, is characterised by meticulous drawing. His series ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born in Japan.

Calligrapher.

Untei Akaba took part in the São Paulo Biennale in 1961.

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1904, in Okayama.

Painter. Animals.

Sanei Akabori was a member of the Japan Art Society.

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 3 January 1934, in Okayama.

Painter, watercolourist. Nudes, cityscapes.

Kojiro Akagi graduated in science from Okayama University. He settled in Paris in 1963 where he studied with Brianchon and Matthey at the École des beaux-arts. He won a gold medal at the Salon des Artistes Français in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1878; died 1953.

Painter, print artist.

First Thursday Society.

Akamatsu Rinsaku was a member of the First Thursday Society, a group of print artists founded by Onchi Koshiro. His painting Night Train (1902), painted at a time when the railway was assuming increasing importance in Japan, made his name. He was included in the exhibition ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Hokkaido.

Painter, print artist, lithographer.

Hiroshi Akana was a pupil of Inokuma Gen-Ichiro at the college of industrial arts in Tokyo. He began to exhibit in 1946 and took part in several Tokyo Biennales. He became a member of Shinseisa Ku, a group begun by his mentor. He became a teacher at the University of Chiba. He took American nationality....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in Brazil from 1933.

Born 1918, in Kochi.

Painter, draughtsman.

Seibi group.

Mario Masato Aki studied design in Osaka. He was a member of the Seibi group, in whose exhibitions he took part. From 1933 he made his home in Brazil where he was appointed to the post of professor at the Brazilian academy of Japanese culture....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1899, in Tokyo.

Painter.

Setsuro Akimoto was a pupil at the Kawabata School of Painting. He studied under Matsuoka Eijyu and the portrait artist Ito Shinsui. He was a member of Jitsugetsu Sha and showed his work in official exhibitions....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, female.

Born 1908, in Shizuoka; died 2001.

Painter.

Fuku Akino was a pupil of Ishii Rinkyo. She exhibited her work in the Tokyo Biennale and also in Sozo Bijutsu Kyokai and Shinseisaku Kyokai. She became a teacher at Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music. Her subjects and technique are in the pure traditional style of Japanese painting. Both traditional and so-called Western art coexisted in her teaching and her practice....