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Article

Amy Fox

American graphic design firm. Founded in 1993 by Sean Adams (b Reno, NV, 19 July 1964) and Noreen Morioka (b Sunnyvale, CA, 6 July 1965). Often described as simple and pure, AdamsMorioka design is distinguished by its clear, pragmatic approach, joined often with optimistic bright colour palettes. Adams and Morioka met while studying at the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) programme under professors Lorraine Wilde and Lou Danziger. After graduating, Adams (BFA ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1966, in New York.

Graphic artist, photographer.

Amy Adler studied at the Cooper Union in New York, receiving a BFA there in 1989. She also studied at the Hochschule der Kunste in Berlin, Germany, in 1987. She obtained a MFA from University of California (Los Angeles) in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1968, in Buffalo (New York State).

Painter, graphic artist.

Laylah Ali studied at Williams College, obtaining degrees in studio art and English literature. She also studied with the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. She received a master's degree in fine art from Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri, in ...

Article

Carol Magee

Ethiopian painter, installation artist, graphic designer, and writer, active in the USA. She grew up in Addis Ababa in a family of painters before moving to the USA. She graduated from Howard University, Washington, DC, with a BFA in painting (1975) and returned in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1 February 1960, in New York.

Sculptor, assemblage artist, graphic artist.

Nayland Blake studied at Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, NY, receiving his BFA there. In 1984 he obtained a MFA from the California Institute of Arts in Valencia, CA. Blake is a conceptual artist, concentrating primarily on themes of racial, sexual and personal identities, with emphasis on the threat of AIDS and the gay identity. His early works, such as ...

Article

American graphic designer, installation artist and design educator. De Bretteville attended Abraham Lincoln High School in Brooklyn, NY, and was included in the school’s Art Squad by teacher and artist Leon Friend, who submitted his students’ work to national competitions. She received a prestigious Alex Award, named after the designer Alex Steinweiss, also a former member of the Art Squad. She received a BA in art history from Barnard College, New York in ...

Article

American graphic designer. Carson studied fine art and art history at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, graduating in 1966. She started her career as a graphic designer in 1967 working for United Methodist Publishing House, Nashville, TN, designing magazines and educational materials. Working with limited budgets and for readers ranging from children in kindergarten to adults, she learnt to communicate with varying age groups. Drawing on her magazine design skills, she began work for Color Productions in ...

Article

Sandra Sider

African American painter. Charles graduated from McNeese State University in Lake Charles, LA, in 1985, having studied advertising design, illustration, and painting. He received his MFA from the University of Houston in 1993, and subsequently taught at the University of Texas at Austin. His paintings, which manipulate images of historical black stereotypes, have generated critical controversy and hostile reactions from viewers. Charles, however, saw himself as investigating these images and their place in American history, exploring and exposing their negativity. He typically signs his work with an actual copper penny, oriented to display the profile of Abraham Lincoln....

Article

Anne Blecksmith

Term used to describe pictorial representations of objects and data using a computer. The term also implies the creation of and subsequent manipulation and analysis of computer-generated imagery and graphics. Computer-generated imagery was developed shortly after the introduction of the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) in ...

Article

Tom Williams

American illustrator and cartoonist. Crumb became prominent during the 1960s as one of the key figures in the development of the Underground Comix movement, which was comprised of a number of different artists who self-published comic books that addressed distinctly personal and often controversial themes. His work is frequently associated with the counterculture of that period and is notable for his candid depictions of drug use and sex. Although he was self-trained, he spent much of the early 1960s working as a greeting card illustrator in Cleveland, and he later went to work for the former ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in New York.

Painter.

Benefiting from the success of Hyperrealism, Alan Dworkowitz exhibited paintings representing close-ups of motorbikes, executed with photographic precision, in the USA in 1972 and 1973. This subject evokes the canvases of Parrish, but without their wealth of detail. Dworkowitz is mentioned in Udo Kulterman's book on Hyperrealism....

Article

Aaris Sherin

American digital type foundry and producer of printed material and graphic design software, which also produces the magazine Emigre. Founded in Sacramento, CA by Zuzana Licko (b Bratislava, 1961) and Rudy VanderLans (b The Hague, 1955), the company was responsible for some of the most recognizable and widely mimicked design and typography of the 1980s and 1990s. ...

Article

Anne K. Swartz

American performance artist. Finley is noted for her controversial pieces and her work has been called “obscene,” “lewd” and “vulgar” because she has graphically examined such subjects in her art as politics, sexuality, scatology, identity, violence and abuse, among other divisive topics. Her works are also called theatrical solo shows. She explored feminist content through her performances, which were often derided by the public, even after she developed her audience within the art world. In her art, she combined monologues with manipulation of her body, including pouring substances onto herself. Using her partially or fully nude body, she entices the viewer, but then quickly subverts the experience of looking at her by pouring, smearing, or otherwise covering parts or all of herself. Her writing is well-crafted and provocative both in subject and form....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 30 May 1931, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic artist, printmaker, lithographer. Still-lifes, figures.

Audrey Flack studied at the Cooper Union, New York (1948-1951); Yale University, New Haven (BFA, 1952) with Jossef Albers; the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University (1953); and the Art Students League, New York, under Robert Beverly Hale. She has taught in New York at the Pratt Institute and New York University (1960-1968); the Riverside Museum Master Institute (1966-1967); the School of Visual Arts (1970-1974); and the National Academy of Design (from 1987). Flack has been Albert Dorne Professor at University of Bridgeport, CT (1975); Mellon Professor at the Cooper Union, New York (1982); C. & R. Smith Distinguished Visiting Professor, George Washington University (1992); and Visiting Professor, University of Pennsylvania Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia (1994). She has served on the boards of directors of the College Art Association of America (1989-1994), the Wonder Woman Foundation, and Interns for Peace....

Article

Aaris Sherin

American graphic designer. She studied graphic design and ceramics at the Kansas City Art Institute (BFA 1970), where three of her teachers included designers from the Allgemeine Gewerbeschule in Basle. She went on to post-graduate work at Basle, where she studied for two years, working with Armin Hofmann (...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 30 July 1940, in El Paso (Texas); died 13 June 2006, in Hondo, in a studio accident.

Sculptor, printmaker, graphic artist. Figures.

As a child, Luis Jiménez learned welding and spray-painting in his father's sign shop. He studied at the University of Texas in Austin, obtaining a BS in art and architecture in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1955, in the USA.

Active in the United Kingdom.

Printmaker, graphic artist, curator, poet, educator. Artists’ books

Susan Johanknecht studied English literature at the University of Vermont and then printmaking at the Central School of Art, London, before undertaking an apprenticeship with Claire Van Vliet at the Janus Press, Vermont. She established the Gefn Press in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in Gloucester (Massachusetts).

Painter.

Mark Klemer's work featured in a number of shows in Wisconsin, in 1986: Survival Graphics, Madison (Wisconsin); One Person Show and Group Show University of Wisconsin. He also created the Abandoned House installation in Madison, and a performance ( ...

Article

American conceptual artist, designer, and writer. She enrolled at Parsons School of Design, New York, where her teachers included the photographer Diane Arbus and Marvin Israel (1924–84), a successful graphic designer and art director of Harper’s Bazaar, who was particularly encouraging. When Kruger’s interest in art school waned in the mid-1960s, Israel encouraged her to prepare a professional portfolio. Kruger moved to New York and entered the design department of ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Los Angeles.

Born 1964, in San Francisco.

Painter, graphic artist.

Conceptual Art.

Rachel Lachowicz studied at the California Institute for the Arts in Valencia, where she obtained a BFA in 1988. Lachowicz, whose work tends to be performance-oriented and conceptual, samples from and reconfigures famous works of art from the Renaissance to the present as a means of confronting masculine-centred art. She is best known for ...