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Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1938.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Appropriation Art.

Dotty Attie had her first European exhibition in Paris from 1991 to 1992. In it she showed paintings composed of faithful copies of fragments of famous paintings, painted on squares measuring 6 x 6 inches (15 x 15cm) and juxtaposed in a new arrangement, into which other squares are introduced which bear the painter's thoughts about the work she is using - for example, ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Barbados.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art, Neo-Pop Art.

Ashley Bickerton lives and works in Los Angeles. He arrived on the American art scene in the mid-1980s. With Peter Halley, Jeff Koons and Meyer Vaisman, Bickerton, he belongs to the group of artists known as the ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Chicago.

Painter.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Mike Bidlo is, with American artists Sherrie Levine, Richard Prince and Jeff Koons in his early years, an exponent of Appropriation Art. Influenced by Pop Art, Appropriation Art consists of making a copy of a well-known work of art, which the artist then considers to be his or her original work. The aim of Appropriation Art is to highlight the concept of the artistic masterpiece and the uniqueness of a work of art. Bidlo 're-creates' paintings by Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol, Giorgio De Chirico and others, though he never obscures their unique quality. Bidlo began taking part in collective exhibitions in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in New York.

Painter, watercolourist.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Ross Bleckner studied at New York University, where he received a BA in 1971, and at the California Institute of Arts, obtaining an MFA in 1973. The work of Jasper Johns and other artists of the Op Art movement have been influential on Bleckner's work, as seen in his 1980s vertical stripe paintings. He is said to be one of the principal heirs of the aesthetic attitude of Andy Warhol....

Article

American, 21st century, male.

Born 1 July 1974.

Active in Brooklyn, New York.

Painter, curator. Artists’ books.

Appropriation art.

Eric Doeringer graduated from Brown University in 1996 with a BA degree, and received an MFA from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 September 1953, in New York.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Peter Halley studied at Yale University, receiving a BA in 1975, and at the University of New Orleans, where he obtained an MFA in 1978...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Ann Arbor (Michigan); died 1997.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, installation artist.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Charles Huebler studied at the Cleveland Institute of Art at the University of Michigan, then at the Académie Julian, Paris. Like numerous young American artists who, despite the wave of Pop Art, remained loyal to Abstract art, his research led him, in terms of his early work, to 'minimal art'; his main preoccupation seemed to be gigantic dimensions. But in less than three years he switched to work which was more or less equivalent to Conceptual Art, and ultimately became one of its leading exponents, along with Joseph Kosuth, Sol Lewit, Robert Barry and Lawrence Weiner. His Conceptual Art enquiries focused on 'interpreting' the range of life of forms in multiple signs and places, rather than the internalising or integrity of objects typical of the 'minimalist' genre....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1955, in York (Pennsylvania).

Assemblage artist, installation artist, photographer, mixed media. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art (Neo-Geo), Appropriation Art, Neo-Pop Art.

Jeff Koons trained for three years at the Maryland Institute College of Art in Baltimore, and subsequently at the Art Institute of Chicago. He lives and works in New York, Germany and Italy. Before embarking on an artistic career he worked on Wall Street as a commodities broker, and his artwork and his conception of the role of the artist remain suffused with ideas and concepts drawn from this earlier experience: the artist survives by supplying commodities to a specific market, governed by the laws of consumerism, speculation and marketing....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 26 January 1945, in Newark (New Jersey).

Installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Identity Art.

Kruger studied with the photographer Diane Arbus and began her career working for Mademoiselle magazine as head designer. Her earliest works from 1969 included large woven wall hangings, a nod to the feminist recuperation of craft during this time. By ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1947, in Bronxville (New York).

Painter (including mixed media), installation artist. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Louise Lawler lives and works in New York. Her paintings and installations play on the contrasts between presentation and perception. Her work incorporates photography, installations, objects, texts and graphic elements, often appropriating existing works by other artists, notably Duchamp. These are repositioned in order to explore the public's changing response to an object in the context of a specific physical, social or economic setting: the content of Lawler's works is defined by their surrounding environment. She sought to challenge the role of museums as arbiters of taste, and espoused the anti-institutionalist movement in 1970s art....

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1947, in Hazleton (Pennsylvania).

Photographer, painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, lithographer, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Sherrie Levine was a student at the University of Wisconsin, in Madison, from 1969 to 1973, where she studied photography. After obtaining her diploma, she lived in Berkeley, and then established herself in New York....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Brooklyn (New York), United States.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, performance artist. Scenes with figures. Multimedia.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Robert Longo served an apprenticeship in the restoration of paintings in Italy, and studied the history of art at the Accademia in Florence. He subsequently visited the art galleries of Europe, in particular the Musée Rodin in Paris. He took part in the foundation of the alternative space ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, painter.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Neo-Pop Art.

McCollum established himself in New York in 1975, making his debut with large abstract canvases. From 1975 onwards he began to work on serial objects which are apparently identical but in reality all different. This was the case with the ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Bridgeport (Connecticut).

Painter, draughtsman, mixed media.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Peter Nagy lives and works in Brooklyn (New York). For a long time Nagy exclusively used xerography to reproduce black-and-white images and symbols from the consumer society, as well as references to the history of art. He reduces his models to signs. Of late he has also realised abstract works....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Alhambra.

Painter, sculptor, assemblage artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Richard Pettibone has taken part in public exhibitions, among which are: 1978, Art about Art, Whitney Museum, New York; 1987, Comic Iconoclasm, institute of Contemporary Art, London. He exhibited for the first time in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in the Panama Canal zone.

Painter, photographer.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Neo-Pop Art.

Richard Prince used the technique of 'appropriation' that was popular in the 1980s with those who were influenced by Post-Modernist ideas. In his photographs, which made him famous, he takes new pictures of existing advertising images, deleting the text of the commercial advertisement. In this way he isolates the persona of such characters as the famous ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 28 September 1952, in Norman (Oklahoma).

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, collage artist, draughtsman. Figures, nudes. Stage sets.

Bad Painting, Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

David Salle studied at the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, California, where he was taught by John Baldessari. He worked on the American magazine ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 19 January 1954 , in Glen Ridge (New Jersey).

Photographer, filmmaker Figures, portraits.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism), Identity Art (Feminist Art).

In 1972, Cindy Sherman enrolled at the State University of New York at Buffalo, first focusing on painting before discovering the expressive potential in photography. While in college, Sherman began to formulate characters. At first a personal exploration of identity, the characters became the basis of her photographic art. Sherman’s early works were influenced by conceptual and performance artists such as Lynda Benglis and Vito Acconci. To create her photographs, Sherman works alone, acting as model, makeup artist, costume designer, and photographer. Her characters are often suggested to the artist through experimentation with costume, props, and prosthetics that alter and even distort her appearance....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in Paris from 1990.

Born 1926, in Lakewood (Ohio); died 7 May 2014, in Paris.

Painter.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Elaine Sturtevant studied at the Art Students League in New York and the Chicago Art Institute.

Faced with the mechanisms of Pop artists or the New Realists, who often produce exact copies of everyday objects or appropriate them, Sturtevant produces exact copies of others people's works. Based in New York in the 1960s, she accurately replicated the work of Jasper Johns, Warhol, Rauschenberg, Lichtenstein and a number of other prominent artists, embracing questions of authenticity and authorship. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1955, in Elizabeth (New Jersey).

Painter (mixed media).

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art (Simulationism).

Philip Taaffe studied at the Cooper Union, New York. He has travelled in the Far East, India, South America and Morocco, and he lived in Italy, mostly in Naples, in ...