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Hungarian, 20th century, female.

Born 1913; died 1991.

Painter. Figure compositions.


European School group.

The wife of Imre Amos, an important representative of the Surrealist trend in Hungary, Margit Anna had virtually the same career in her own painting. In her youth her paintings were in the Post-Impressionist tradition. Chagall's work influenced her with his poetry, linking the memory of childhood and the creation of fantasy. The search for childhood innocence prevails over the inspiration of fantasy, perhaps because the Surrealist model had faded for her with the death of her husband in ...


20th century, male.


Exhibited solo in 1994 at the Mabee-Gerrer Museum of Art in Shawnee. His work oscillates between Symbolism and Surrealism, between the figurative and the abstract; what these modes have in common is a long and arduous preparatory process involving, among other things, repeated sanding-down to achieve a smooth satin surface finish....


American, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in New York.


Ronnie Elliott held solo exhibitions in Paris in 1948 and 1952, then in the USA in New York. He was initially influenced by the Impressionism of Cézanne, then in 1937 by the Surrealists. He evolved towards the abstract style of Kandinsky and Mondrian and from ...


Mona Hadler

American painter of German birth. His father was the prominent Surrealist artist Max(imilian) Ernst and his mother was the art historian and journalist Louise [Lou] Straus-Ernst. In 1935 he was apprenticed as a typographer in the printing firm of J. J. Augustin in Glückstadt where he set type for anthropological studies. The company worked to attain a visa for Ernst, whose mother was Jewish, and he departed Germany one week before Kristallnacht in ...


Margaret Moore Booker

African American painter. As a self-taught artist who has been labeled a southern folk artist, outsider artist, a Surrealist painter and a visionary, Evans created highly personal works inspired by her private and very vivid dream world.

The descendant of a Trinidadian woman brought to the United States as a slave, Evans was the only child of farmers who lived in rural Pender County, NC. In early childhood she moved with her parents to Wilmington, NC, where she attended school. At 16 she married Julius Evans and had three sons. She worked as a domestic and later as gatekeeper at Airlie Gardens in Wilmington (from ...


Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1929, in Montreal.

Painter, engraver.


Roland Giguère was on the fringes of the Surrealist movement in Paris from 1954 until 1963. He is interested in the different printing processes, such as intaglio, lithography and screen printing. He exhibits his work in Canada. He won the Paul Émile Borduas Prize in ...


German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 September 1874, in Fürth (Bavaria).

Painter, draughtsman, pastellist.

Surrealist, then Abstract.

Ferdinand Götz attended the academy in Munich and studied under C. von Marr. A few of his pastel portraits, drawings and oil paintings featured at the Munich Secession in ...


Style of painting popular in Europe and the USA mainly from the 1920s to 1940s, with some followers in the 1950s. It occupies a position between Surrealism and Photorealism, whereby the subject is rendered with a photographic naturalism, but where the use of flat tones, ambiguous perspectives, and strange juxtapositions suggest an imagined or dreamed reality. The term was introduced by art historian ...


French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 December 1861; died 1938, in Orly.

Film maker, draughtsman.

Méliès made more than 4,000 films. As a draughtsman, his unusual drawings in a pre-Surrealist spirit were a precursor of animated cartoons.

Lefebvre, Thierry: ‘Méliès la tempête optique’ in ...


Marianne Heinz

French painter and writer. He was one of the major figures of the Dada movement in France and in the USA but remained as stubbornly uncategorizable as he was influential. In his rejection of consistency and of an identifiable manner, he called into question attitudes to the artistic process that had been regarded as sacrosanct and in so doing guaranteed the intellectual force of his ideas for subsequent generations of artists....


Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 6 August 1914, in Sitalona (Trichonida). Died 1989, in Ixelles, Belgium.


Symbolism, Surrealism.

Sotiris Pylarinos trained at the Athens school of fine arts (1937-1944), the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam (1947-1949), the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp (...


French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 January 1950, in Montrichard (Loir-et-Cher).

Painter. Landscapes with figures, landscapes.


Annie Raveau-Pignon is a self-taught artist. She paints landscapes with Surrealist overtones, with hauntingly obscure scenes drawn from ancient Rome, as seen in Wisdom; Lifetime; Voyage into Nothingness...


Elizabeth Q. Bryan

Italian-born French fashion designer. Although Schiaparelli began her career with sportswear in the late 1920s, she is remembered for her Surrealism designs of the 1930s, often created in collaboration with such artists as Salvador Dalí, Jean Cocteau and Marcel Vertès. The drama of her original embroideries, vivid colours and strikingly witty accessories overshadows the simplicity of her sharply tailored suits and slender evening dresses (see fig. ...


Hungarian artists’ colony founded in 1928 in Szentendre on the Danube Bend near Budapest. Its founder-members had all been pupils of István Réti, a member of the Nagybánya colony and, though designed as a centre for the creation of a national art, it soon incorporated an eclectic variety of styles, from Neo-classicism to Surrealism. Its more interesting developments came from the influence of such international movements as Constructivism and Surrealism, although in both cases these received a peculiarly Hungarian interpretation. ...


Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Blankenberge.

Painter. Nudes, portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes.

Trotteyn was a student at the Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Ghent. His works, tinged with Romanticism, evolved towards Surrealism, and he then returned to painting from life.


Henri Béhar

French writer of Romanian birth. His first poems were influenced by Symbolism. He went to Zurich in 1915 to study philosophy, and he founded the Dada movement with his friends Marcel Janco, Hans Arp, Richard Huelsenbeck and Hugo Ball. He edited the review Dada (...


Henry Walton

Swiss artist, writer and musician . He was the youngest of eight children of an alcoholic stonebreaker whose desertion of the family precipitated the death of Wölfli’s mother in 1873. After a series of sexual offences Wölfli was institutionalized with schizophrenia in 1895 in Waldau Mental Asylum, Berne, where he remained until his death from cancer. Although he drew his first pictures in ...