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Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Antwerp.

Painter, watercolourist, graphic designer. Figures.

Roger van Akelyn evokes the anguish inherent in the human condition, sometimes using quasi-surrealist imagery.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1899, in Antibes; died 10 July 1965, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman.

A skilful draughtsman, Jacques Audiberti always represented in his graphic works a world teeming with references to Surrealist and Fantastic sources.

In 1999 the Galerie Belfond in Paris showed an important collection of the graphic works of Audiberti, writer, poet and playwright....

Article

Ruth Rosengarten

Portuguese painter, graphic artist, critic and art administrator . In 1947 he was a founder-member of the Grupo Surrealista de Lisboa, with which he exhibited in 1949. By 1952 he was one of the few remaining members of the original group still involved in Surrealism. That year he held a large exhibition with two other artists, showing ...

Article

Andrew Causey

English painter, illustrator and stage designer. As a student at the Chelsea Polytechnic (1921–3) and the Royal College of Art (1923–5) he became a talented figure draughtsman. In the second half of the decade he spent much time in France painting intricately detailed urban scenes, which depicted the low life of Toulon and Marseille. Works such as the watercolour ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in São Paulo.

Painter.

Cid de Souza Pinto gave up his career as a electrical engineer to devote himself to painting. Typographical characters are often incorporated in his Surrealist paintings.

Article

Ruth Rosengarten

Portuguese painter, illustrator and poet. In 1935 he moved to Lisbon where his exhibition in 1940 with António Pedro and the English sculptress Pamela Bowden was considered the first national manifestation of Surrealism. In his melancholy and menacing works of the late 1930s and early 1940s, the dream-like spaces are crowded with people and animals in attitudes of violence or alarm, for example ...

Article

Fiona Bradley

Spanish Catalan painter, draughtsman, illustrator, sculptor, writer and film maker. One of the most prolific artists of the 20th century, his fantastic imagery and flamboyant personality also made him one of the best known. His most significant artistic contribution, however, was through his association with ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1908, in Guingamp; died 1965, in Guingamp.

Painter.

Emmanuel 'the Calligrapher', self-taught, did not start painting until 1958. The Surrealists were interested in his graphic productions, for which he employed automatic techniques.

Article

Whitney Chadwick

French painter, stage designer and illustrator of Argentine birth. She grew up in Trieste, Italy. Her first contact with art was through visits to European museums and in her uncle’s large library, where she gleaned her earliest knowledge of artists such as the Pre-Raphaelites, Aubrey Beardsley and Gustav Klimt. She had no formal training as an artist. Her first one-woman exhibition took place in Paris in ...

Article

Birgit Hessellund

Danish painter and sculptor. He studied briefly at technical college and at the school of graphic arts of the Kunstakademi in Copenhagen, but he was largely self-taught. Freddie painted his earliest abstracts in 1926, but in 1929 he became acquainted with André Breton’s periodical La Révolution surréaliste...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in the USA from 1972.

Born 1941, in Hunan.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

At the start of his career, Dennis Hwang used graphic techniques such as those used in batik in a so-called Abstract Surrealist style. He also wrote a book entitled ...

Article

Mark Haworth-Booth

American designer and painter, active in England. He studied painting first, at evening classes at the Mark Hopkins Institute, San Francisco (1910–12), at the Art Institute of Chicago, with lettering (1912), and in Paris at the Académie Moderne (1913–14). In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1895; died March 1965.

Painter, draughtsman.

Kremer's characteristic compositions are made up of hieroglyphs of a graphic and meaningful kind. While referring to Fantastic Surrealism, they owe more to the Abstract movement.

London, 24 Oct 1996: Death (1964, ink/paper...

Article

Margarita González Arredondo

Mexican painter, stage designer, illustrator and writer. He studied in Mexico City at the Escuela al Aire Libre de Coyoacán and at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas, before living in Paris from 1922 to 1930, where he trained as a stage designer from 1928 to 1930...

Article

Leonor Morales

Mexican painter, printmaker, illustrator and stage designer. In 1903 he began studying painting in Guadalajara under Félix Bernardelli, an Italian who had established a school of painting and music there, and he produced his first illustrations for Revista moderna, a magazine that promoted the Latin American modernist movement and for which his cousin, the poet Amado Nervo, wrote. In ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in Britain from around 1938.

Born 15 April 1915, in Tsarkoe Selo; died 7 January 2007, in Margate (Kent).

Painter, theatre designer, graphic designer, writer.

English Surrealist Group, Independent Group.

Toni del Renzio's family moved to Italy during the 1917...

Article

Lourdes Font

French fashion designer (see figs 1 and 2 ). From 1925 to 1953, Rochas was an innovator in Paris fashion. In the1930s he was known for architectural suits and coats, bold graphic patterns and Surrealist details, and in the post-war period for romantic designs inspired by the 19th century....

Article

French painter, stage designer and illustrator. After working briefly in an architect’s office in Nantes, he moved to Paris and enrolled at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts, which he disliked. He then worked on designs for the Exposition Universelle of 1900 before entering the Ecoles des Langues Orientales to learn Japanese and modern Greek. After this he studied at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs under ...

Article

Ruth Rosengarten

Portuguese painter, draughtsman, illustrator and poet. After a Neo-Realist phase, he joined the dissident group The Surrealists, founded in Lisbon in 1948 by Mário Cesariny. Cruzeiro Seixas participated in the two exhibitions held by this group in 1949 and 1950, with works inspired by the poetry of Lautréamont....

Article

Jan Rous

Czech painter and illustrator. Although he was resident in France from 1921, he remained in close contact with contemporary Czech art, especially Surrealism, and with Czech poetry. He participated in a number of exhibitions in Czechoslovakia (e.g. of the Devětsil Union of Artists, and the international exhibition ...