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Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Bangladeshi painter and printmaker. He studied painting at the Government School of Art in Calcutta from 1933 to 1938, and then taught there until 1947. His work first attracted public attention in 1943 when he produced a powerful series of drawings of the Bengal famine. After the partition of India and Pakistan in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Zingem.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects.

Jos van den Abeele was a student at the fine art academies of Audenaerde, Ghent and Tournai. He used country folk as models for his works, which were often symbolic in nature.

Article

Filipino, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Bohol, Philippines.

Sculptor. Figures, historical subjects, religious subjects, allegory, myths.

Napoleon Veloso Abueva graduated in 1953 from the University of the Philippines College of Fine Arts (UPCFA), where he was mentored by the first National Artist for Sculpture, Guillermo Tolentino. He received another scholarship from the Fulbright/Smith–Mundt Foundation and in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1864, in Collobrières (Var); died 8 October 1923, in Collobrières.

Painter, watercolourist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures, seascapes.

Joseph Acosta came from a family of modest means and it was only because of a municipal bursary that he was able to take up studies at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris ...

Article

Turkish sculptor. After military service in World War I he went in 1918 to the Fine Arts Academy in Istanbul, where he studied under the sculptor Ihsan Özsoy (1867–1944). With the help of his father he then went to Germany, where he studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich. From Munich he went to Paris, where, after failing to get lessons from Aristide Maillol, he worked independently, inspired by the work of Maillol and Emile-Antoine Bourdelle. After returning to Turkey in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 February 1927, in London; died 9 March 2005, in London.

Painter, illustrator, theatre designer. Religious themes.

London Group.

Norman Adams was a student at Harrow School of Art (1940-1946) before he went on to the Royal College of Art in London (...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in France and the United States. For many years she taught the philosophy of art at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA. She also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities until her retirement in the late 1970s. Also a novelist and poet, she combined Arabic calligraphy with modern language in her drawings, paintings, ceramics and tapestries. She explored the relationship between word and image in over 200 “artist books,” in which she transcribed in her own hand Arabic poetry from a variety of sources....

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1857 or 19 November 1859, in Ansager (Jutland); died 1925.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Although Hans Agersnap did execute some portraits and religious paintings, he specialised in studying Denmark and reproduced the steppes of Jutland in various guises. His snow impressions are of particular interest....

Article

Hungarian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1850, in Dombóvár; died 1919.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, animals.

Szolnok Artists' Colony.

Julius Agghazy studied initially at the academy in Vienna, then with Alex von Wagner and subsequently in Paris with Munkácsy. He sent his first picture to the Budapest Exhibition when he was 24. He executed a series of religious paintings portraying ...

Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

Pakistani painter. She introduced non-traditional pictorial imagery in Pakistan and initiated a new era in painting. She completed a degree in political science at Kinnaird College, Lahore. Her introverted disposition and concentrated study of philosophy formed the background against which her abstract ‘idea’ paintings emerged. At the Lahore School of Fine Art (...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1837, in Orihuela; died 1919, in Valencia.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Joaquim Agrasot y Juan trained under Francisco Martínez at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos in Valencia, and he completed his studies in Rome....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 13 January 1926, in Edinburgh.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

London Group.

Craigie Aitchison studied at the Slade School of Fine Art in London from 1952 to 1954. In 1955 he was awarded a British Council scholarship and travelled to Italy, where he was affected by the light and landscapes of that country and by early Italian art. Using a deliberately blurred diaphanous technique, he paints a wide range of subjects in a Symbolist style with a certain degree of real or apparent naivety. His portraits, typically set against single colour backgrounds, recall the work of André Derain. It is in his poetic and harmonious landscapes that his affection for Italy is most apparent, as are his references to his native Scotland. Aitchison's subjects have included the Isle of Arran and his farmhouse near Siena, with his use of colour becoming more vibrant and lyrical as his work developed. A favourite religious subject is the Crucifixion which, like the artists of the Italian Renaissance, he sets in the landscapes that surround him. In ...

Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

Pakistani painter, sculptor and printmaker. Educated in Pakistan and abroad, he has consciously and successfully synthesized Eastern and Western aesthetic traditions. In 1963, a year after graduating from the National College of Arts, Lahore, he joined the faculty as a lecturer in art, later becoming a professor and head of the Department of Fine Arts. His studies abroad have included post-graduate work in London (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 18 February 1912, in Baku.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, animals. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, murals, church decoration.

A self-taught artist of Armenian origin, George Akopian went to France in ...

Article

Russian painter, graphic artist, sculptor and designer of Ukrainian birth. He studied painting at the School of Art in Odessa (1901–7) under Kiriak Kostandi (1852–1921), at the same time attending classes in sculpture. In 1908–9 he made a series of pointillist paintings. He visited Vienna and Munich in ...

Article

Iraqi calligrapher. He studied in Baghdad with Mulla ‛Arif and then served an apprenticeship with Mulla Muhammad ‛Ali al-Fadli (d 1948), who awarded him a calligraphy diploma in 1943. In 1944 he continued his studies in Cairo, where he was taught by Sayyid Ibrahim and ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1868, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Henri Alberti studied under Doucet, J. Lefebvre and Luc-Olivier Merson. He first exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1894, and showed work there until 1920...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 October 1945, in Beaumont (Texas).

Painter. Scenes with figures, religious subjects.

John Alexander is the leader of the Houston school known as Fresh Paint. His religious paintings have a theatrical quality, with bright colours and a sometimes primitive style. Several of his paintings are of fantastical scenes....

Article

S. J. Vernoit

Turkish painter. In 1859 he became an assistant teacher of painting at the Military Medical High School in Istanbul. In 1864 Sultan Abdülaziz (reg 1861–76) sent him to Paris where, after a preparatory education at a special Ottoman school, he studied painting in the studio of ...

Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

Pakistani painter. A seminal figure, Shakir ‛Ali introduced Cubism to Lahore in 1952. His style quickly became fashionable there, was adopted in Karachi and dominated the art scene for more than a decade (see Pakistan, Islamic Republic of, §III).

Shakir ‛Ali first studied painting at the Ukil Brothers Studio in Delhi. In ...