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Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 February 1927, in London; died 9 March 2005, in London.

Painter, illustrator, theatre designer. Religious themes.

London Group.

Norman Adams was a student at Harrow School of Art (1940-1946) before he went on to the Royal College of Art in London (...

Article

Iraqi calligrapher. He studied in Baghdad with Mulla ‛Arif and then served an apprenticeship with Mulla Muhammad ‛Ali al-Fadli (d 1948), who awarded him a calligraphy diploma in 1943. In 1944 he continued his studies in Cairo, where he was taught by Sayyid Ibrahim and ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1868, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Henri Alberti studied under Doucet, J. Lefebvre and Luc-Olivier Merson. He first exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1894, and showed work there until 1920...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 7 December 1881, in Mede Lomellina (Pavia); died 8 September 1941, in Portofino.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes (including flowers). Murals.

Giuseppe Amisani trained with Cesare Tallone and Vespesiano Bignami at the Accademia di Brera, Milan. In 1914 he began making frequent trips to Portofino and London; he also travelled around France, Egypt (where Prince Farouk commissioned paintings from him in the 1920s), Algeria and South America. He exhibited his works during his travels....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 1881, in Ringwood (Hampshire); died 1972.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (etching), illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Having studied at the Birmingham School of Art, Armfield went on to study in Paris with Raphael Collin, Dauchez and Prinet. From ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Islamic art. Atıl earned her PhD at the University of Michigan, with a dissertation on an illustrated Ottoman Book of Festivals. In 1970 she was appointed Curator of Islamic Art at the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, a post that she held for 15 years. An extraordinarily energetic and prolific curator, she organized many notable exhibitions based on the Freer collection as well as traveling exhibitions of Mamluk art, the age of Süleyman the Magnificent, and of the Kuwait collection of Islamic art. Between ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born January 1851, in Paris; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Orientalism.

Albert Aublet was a pupil of Claudius Jacquand and Gérôme. Very early on, he was drawn to the East, first visiting Constantinople (now Istanbul) in ...

Article

Turkish calligrapher . Originally called Musa Azmi, he was the grandson of Seyyid Adem, a famous calligrapher of Diyarbakır. He practised writing in Diyarbakır with his schoolteacher Mustafa Akif Tütenk and others, and in 1908 went to Istanbul to continue his education, first at the School of Law and then at the Fine Arts Academy. However, he was soon forced to give up his studies to earn a living. In ...

Article

Kirk Ambrose

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 28 June 1895, in Croydon (Surrey); died 16 February 1973.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, pastellist, illustrator. Religious subjects, scenes with figures, flowers.

Cicely Mary Barker's father was a wood engraver. She attended classes at Croydon Art School at the age of thirteen. She began by producing Christmas cards and illustrations for magazines, including ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in Spain.

Born 5 February 1898, in Montevideo; died 12 February 1929, in Montevideo.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, scenographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes. Stage sets, comic cartoons.

The son of Spanish emigrants, Rafaél Pérez Barradas spent most of his artistic life in Spain, where he was soon contributing illustrations to the press. In 1913, he traveled in Italy and France, then settled in Condal. In 1928, he decided to return to Uruguay. He died prematurely of an illness. He is considered to have formed part of the Spanish artistic avant-garde at the beginning of the 1920s. Starting in a Post-Impressionist style that was soon influenced by Gauguin, he rapidly lightened his palette and became interested in the Cubist vision of reality while breaking out of the unitary vision of form. His canvases, with grey and ochre colours, represent landscapes and burlesque scenes from daily life. ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 20 February 1889, in Geneva; died 1954 or 1955, in Geneva.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Barraud studied at the École des Arts et Métiers in Geneva and at the same time took evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts under Pierre Pignolat. At first he worked in advertising as a designer and he was only able to dedicate himself fully to painting after 1913. He was a member of the ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 October 1860, in Plymouth; died 1932.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Murals.

John Dixon Batten studied at the Slade School of Fine Art, London under the guidance of Alphonse Legros. His history and genre paintings include ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Iranian librarian and scholar of Persian manuscripts. Bayani spent his early career as a teacher of Persian language and literature and as head of the public library of the Ministry of Education. He then directed the transferral of this library to the new National Library, which he founded and directed. He received his doctorate from Tehran University in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 18 November 1876, in London; died 1970, in London.

Painter, fresco artist, illuminator, designer. Religious subjects.

Jessie Bayes was the daughter of Albert Walter Bayes and the sister of Gilbert and Walter Bayes. She took evening classes at Central School of Arts and Crafts in London. She was a member of the Church Crafts League and designed stained glass windows for St Luke's Church in Grayshott, Hampshire. She exhibited in London at the Royal Academy and Royal Society of Miniature Painters, and also in Paris, Rome, New York, Chicago and Detroit....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Olot, near Gerona; died 1923, in Sant Feliu de Guixols.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects.

José Berga-Boada trained in the studio of his father, Josep Berga y Boix. He was educated at the Figueras School and became a teacher at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Olot. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1868, in Lille; died 16 April 1941, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven.

Émile Bernard plays a singular role in the history of painting in the late-19th century. As demonstrated by the important retrospective of his work mounted by the Fondation Mona Bismarck in Paris in 1991, he was the often-overlooked originator of a number of highly innovative movements (Cloisonnism, Synthetism, even Symbolism), whose paternity he claimed with vehemence in his writings, before he turned his back on them all with equal forcefulness later in life. He moved to the western Paris suburb of Asnières with his family in 1881, and showed an early interest in painting, studying at the Atelier Cormon from the age of 16. Here he met his mentor, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and subsequently Van Gogh. Expelled from the studio in 1886 for insubordination and lack of discipline, he travelled to Normandy and Brittany, where he encountered Gauguin and his followers from the Pont-Aven School. In the same year, he painted the ...