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Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in France and the United States. For many years she taught the philosophy of art at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA. She also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities until her retirement in the late 1970s. Also a novelist and poet, she combined Arabic calligraphy with modern language in her drawings, paintings, ceramics and tapestries. She explored the relationship between word and image in over 200 “artist books,” in which she transcribed in her own hand Arabic poetry from a variety of sources....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1831, in Tours; died 1911, in Tours.

Potter, enameller. Religious furnishings.

School of Tours.

The son of Charles-Jean Avisseau, and uncle to Édouard-Léon, Joseph-Édouard Avisseau was a pupil of his father, and also studied drawing and painting in Lobin's studio. He worked in close collaboration with his father, and shared his taste for the historicist Renaissance movement, veering progressively towards the Baroque. With his father and his sister Caroline, he executed ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

Susan Compton

French painter, draughtsman, printmaker, designer, sculptor, ceramicist, and writer of Belarusian birth. A prolific artist, Chagall excelled in the European tradition of subject painting and distinguished himself as an expressive colourist. His work is noted for its consistent use of folkloric imagery and its sweetness of colour, and it is characterized by a style that, although developed in the years before World War I, underwent little progression throughout his long career (see.g. ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 June 1879, in Paris; died 26 April 1963, in Montmorency.

Painter, potter, designer. Mythological and religious subjects, portraits, nudes, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

Georges-Louis Claude was educated at the Bernard Palissy college of design in Paris and went on to teach decorative painting at the school of applied arts there (now the École Supérieure des Arts Appliqués Olivier de Serres), where his students included the future master painter-on-glass Paul Bony and the poster artist Hervé Morvan....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1908, in Le Vésinet.

Painter, engraver, potter, designer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Marianne Clouzot started out as a painter but turned to ceramics from around 1942, favouring religious subjects. She wrote several children's books and a produced a portfolio of 12 etchings entitled ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 June 1880, in Chatou; died 10 September 1954, in Garches, as the result of an accident.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (red chalk/charcoal/ink), sculptor (including bronze), engraver (wood/metal), lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, hunting scenes, scenes with figures, horse racing scenes, landscapes, waterscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, flowers, fruit...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1930 and in 1951 naturalised in Belgium.

Born 20 April 1896, in Olesko, Ukraine; died 9 March 1970, in Beauvallon, France.

Painter, sculptor (including wood), ceramicist. Figures, horses. Church decoration, frescoes, designs for tapestries, monuments.

Beginning in 1915, Zygmunt Dobrzycki studied at the schools of art in Kiev, Moscow and St Petersburg. He was sensitive to the mystical influence of Chourlianis, a profoundly spiritual Russian Expressionist painter. In ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1886, in Faenza; died 1973, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble), potter, draughtsman, engraver, medallist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, sporting subjects, landscapes, still-lifes, birds. Busts, groups, low reliefs, monuments.

Drei studied drawing and sculpture with A. Berti and gained a diploma from the Scuola d'Arti e Mestieri in Faenza in ...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

English collector. The eldest son of a Greek merchant, Eumorfopoulos worked for the merchant firm of Ralli Brothers. He initially collected European porcelains and Japanese tea bowls but then turned to Chinese objects, which became his largest collection, emphasizing pottery and porcelains. His second interest was metalwork, and he formed a fine collection of Chinese bronzes; he was also interested in other media, such as jade. He chose items based on his aesthetic response rather than archaeological or rarity value, and he thus placed himself at the forefront of Western taste for Chinese art. From ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 July 1871, in Corenc; died 25 or 27 May 1947, in Paris.

Painter, potter, draughtsman, pastellist, engraver. Figure compositions, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, flowers, landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

At the age of fifteen, Jules Flandrin started an apprenticeship as engraver-lithographer while still studying drawing. In 1893, he obtained a grant from Grenoble Town Council to study at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He studied under Gustave Moreau, whose studio at the École des Beaux-Arts he also attended. There he met Marquet, Matisse, Rouault and Guérin. He also had contacts with Puvis de Chavannes and became Maurice Denis' friend. In 1895, he met Jacqueline Marval, also a painter, whose life he would share for 35 years. He travelled to Italy at 38, exploring Venice, Florence and Rome. At 43, he saw action in the Somme and Champagne during World War I and drew the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 June 1902, in Hénin-Liétard (Pas-de-Calais), now Hénin-Beaumont; died 11 April 1969, in Valbonne (Alpes-Maritime).

Painter, sculptor, potter. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, still-lifes, flowers.

Of Franco-Danish parentage, Théodore Émile Frandsen de Schomberg was self-taught in the fine arts, and saw active service during World War II. He developed the concept of 'tensism' as a way of approaching artistic creation through 'introspective psychology'. He left an eclectic body of work, alternating religious subjects with a celebration of woman. He exhibited at the Chapelle des Pénitents Noirs in Valbonne....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 July 1873, in Neuhaus; died 1948, in Dresden.

Sculptor, medallist. Religious subjects, figures, animals. Funerary monuments, designs (porcelain).

Art Deco.

Max Hermann Fritz was a student of Lorenz Hutschenreuther, and was active in Dresden from 1898. He carried out numerous sculptures for Hartau Church (including a ...

Article

Lene Olesen

Danish potter and ceramic manufacturer. He served his apprenticeship as a potter in the workshop of Edvard Christian Sonne (1810–76) and then travelled for three years through northern France, Switzerland and Germany, where he worked in various ceramic factories in the Rheinland stoneware region. In ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

German porcelain manufactory. In 1777 a porcelain factory was founded in Ilmenau (Thuringia) by Christian Zacharias Gräbner; its products were imitations of wares produced by Wedgwood and Meissen Porcelain Factory. From 1808 to 1871 the factory was known as Nonne and Roesch; in the 20th century it was nationalized under the communists, and is now an independent company. Its products are marked as Grafvon Henneberg porcelain....

Article

Lene Olesen

Danish ceramic manufacturer. He received his training as an apprentice at the Kähler ceramic factory. The concern had been founded in Næstved in 1839 by his father, Joachim Christian Herman Kähler (1808–84), who was a potter and tiled-stove manufacturer. Kähler attended the technical colleges in Næstved and Copenhagen (...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 31 December 1923, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver (wood), potter. Religious subjects, landscapes. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Quadriga Group.

After his studies in classics, Heinz Kreutz learned photography. Called up for service in World War II in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Nodebais.

Sculptor, potter. Religious subjects.

Max van der Linden studied philosophy, theology and political and social sciences, and studied under Pierre Caille at the academy of La Cambre. His compositions are fresh and simple.

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born c. 1880, near Santa Cruz (New Mexico); died c. 1939.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

José Dolores Lopez was born into a family of woodcarvers. He too used this material, and also worked in clay.

He executed a large number of 'Santos', effigies of saints in the popular style of the Spanish colonial tradition, adding his own very personal, if rough, sensitivity....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 July 1903, in Marquise, Artois; died 22 August 1894, in Antony near Paris.

Sculptor, draughtsman, potter, medallist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits. Busts, monuments, low reliefs.

Édouard Manchuelle studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Boulogne-sur-Mer from 1921 to 1924...