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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1897, in Topeka (Kansas); died 1966, in Albuquerque.

Painter. Landscapes.

Kenneth Miller Adams was a landscape artist who exhibited at the Salon d'Automne in 1922.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1861, in Columbus (Ohio); died 1936, in Giverny, France.

Painter. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes with figures, waterscapes, winter landscapes, harbour views, gardens.

Theodore Butler studied under Monet and lived in Giverny. He married Monet's stepdaughter Suzanne Hoshedé in ...

Article

Phoebe Cutler

American landscape designer and writer. Church was educated at the University of California, Berkeley (1918–23), and at the Harvard Graduate School of Design (1923/4–6) before opening his office in San Francisco in 1932. Most of his work was in residential districts. In San Francisco he was faced with small plots and steep, hillside sites. Here and in the suburban and central valley areas, where he also worked, he confronted the post-war reality of a changing, often intensive use of the garden and a reduced level of maintenance. Whereas Church’s traditional training in the Italian Renaissance and Baroque had presented him with pergolas and fountains, the California lifestyle demanded swimming pools and barbecues. Influenced by the ...

Article

Cornish  

Keith N. Morgan

American town and former artists’ colony in the state of New Hampshire. Situated on a line of hills near the eastern bank of the Connecticut River c. 160 km north-west of Boston, Cornish looks across to Windsor, VT, and Mt Ascutney. It was settled in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Hartford (Kentucky); died 1942.

Painter, pastellist. Figures, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, gardens.

Cragsmoor Artists' Colony.

Charles Courtney Curran studied in turn in Cincinnati, at the Fine Arts Academy, at the Art Students League in New York and, in 1888, at the Académie Julian in Paris under Benjamin-Constant, Jules Lefebvre and H. Lucien Doucet. He returned to Paris on a number of occasions, but from 1903 lived mainly at the Cragsmoor artists' colony....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Boston (Massachusetts); died 1945.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, animals.

Robert Franz Curry was primarily a landscape artist. Born at the time of the Impressionist movement, he was part of a generation of artists who showed great sensitivity to the influence of the seasons and the weather on the landscape. In the titles of his paintings he often refers to the time of day, the season and the weather, with terms such as 'at twilight', 'winter's day' and 'snowy'....

Article

Mary M. Tinti

Architecture, design and conceptual art partnership. Diller Scofidio + Renfro [Diller + Scofidio] was formed in 1979 by Elizabeth Diller (b Lodz, Poland, 1954) and Ricardo Scofidio (b New York, NY, 1935) as an interdisciplinary design practice based in New York....

Article

American landscape designer. Born into a well connected family, she was introduced to important European gardens by her aunt, Edith Wharton. Farrand studied horticulture with Charles Sprague Sargent (1841–1927) at the Arnold Arboretum in Boston, MA, and in 1895 began practising as a landscape designer in New York. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Cleveland (Ohio).

Painter. Landscapes.

April Gornik's paintings reflect her deep knowledge of 19th-century landscape artists. Her work does not quote directly from earlier works, however, and is distinguished by her detached vision, resolutely avoiding any hint of Romanticism. Her work has featured in a number of group exhibitions and one-woman shows, including ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 March 1886, in Colorado; died 1939.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes.

Robert Hallowell worked in the south of France. He was a landscape artist who rendered the slightest variations in temperature with great sensitivity.

New York, 21 Jan 1987: Still-life with Tulips...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 January 1853, in Paris; died 1926.

Painter. Landscapes with figures, landscapes, animals.

George Inness Junior was the son and pupil of the landscape artist George Inness. He has an important place in the American School. He was a member of the National Academy ...

Article

Robert E. Grese

American landscape architect of Danish birth. He began building his reputation as a designer in 1888 when he delighted the Chicago public with his design for the American Garden in Union Park. With it he set the tone for a lifetime of creating natural parks and gardens. During a stormy career with Chicago’s West Parks, Jensen reshaped Union, Humboldt, Garfield, and Douglas parks. His work on Columbus Park (...

Article

Joan Marter

American environmental artist. Johanson is known for art projects created in the natural landscape that solve environmental problems. She is considered a pioneer in ecological art and has made permanent installations in gardens and parks in the United States and abroad. Johanson was born in New York City, where she was a frequent visitor to parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. She graduated from Bennington College where she studied with sculptor Tony Smith. While at Bennington (...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1876, in New York.

Painter, pastellist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Elisabeth Kruseman van Elten was the daughter of the landscape artist Hendrick Dirk. She studied under G. Courtois and R. Collin.

Article

Pamela H. Simpson

American sculptor and educator. A specialist in animal sculpture, Albert Laessle spent most of his life and career in Philadelphia. In 1894, he began attending classes at the Spring Garden Institute and the Drexel Institute before entering the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1900...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Active in New York and Colorado.

Born October 1959, in Athens (Ohio).

Sculptor, landscape artist, architect.

Environmental Art, Land Art.

Maya Lin studied architecture at Yale University, obtaining a BA in 1981 and an MA in 1986. In 1987, Yale awarded her an honorary doctorate in fine arts. She taught in the Yale art history department, the school of landscape design at Harvard University, and the Phillips Exeter Academy. She also worked as a design consultant and an architectural designer....

Article

Botanical gardens in Kennett Square, c. 50 km south-west of Philadelphia, PA. An Englishman, George Pierce, bought the estate in 1700 and in 1720 built a brick house (now a wing of the present house). From 1800 his descendants, the twin brothers Joshua Pierce (...

Article

Martin Segger

Canadian architect. He was the son of a British Army Royal Engineer and is reputed to have been the first white child born in the city of New Westminster. He was the foremost domestic architect in British Columbia during the period 1890–1920 and established a building style and form that gave Victoria and parts of Vancouver a distinctive Canadian west-coast flavour. Maclure was a self-taught architect, although he briefly studied painting at the Spring Garden Institute, Philadelphia, PA, in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active from 1885 to 1909 active in France.

Born 11 August 1858, in New Haven (Connecticut); died 1946, in Bronxville (New York).

Painter, miniaturist. Figures, nudes, portraits, scenes with figures, interiors with figures, landscapes, gardens, flowers. Murals.

Mary Louise Fairchild was a student at the School of Fine Art in St Louis. There she was awarded a bursary, which enabled her to set up for three years, from ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 6 March 1882, in New York; died 1960.

Painter.

Herbert Meyer was a student at the Art Students League in New York and studied under Dumond. He was a member of the Salmagundi Club. As a landscape artist Meyer had a perfect, comprehensive and vigorous command of his descriptive craft....