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Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 March 1868, in Solothurn; died 1961, in Oschwand (Bern).

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, lithographer, sculptor. Figure compositions, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Die Brücke group. School of Pont-Aven.

Cuno Amiet began his artistic training under Frank Buchser in Feldbrunnen from 1884 to 1886. From 1886 to 1888 he trained at the academy of fine art in Munich. From 1888 to 1891 he trained under the guidance of William Bouguereau and Tony Robert-Fleury at the Académie Julian in Paris. Up to that point he had been influenced by Impressionism, which was still very much in evidence. Then in 1892, he went to Pont-Aven and made contact with O'Connor, Émile Bernard, Sérusier and Armand Seguin. They introduced him to the ideas and techniques suggested by Gauguin to those who would soon be classed as the École de Pont-Aven. They would also call themselves 'Nabis'....

Article

Swiss painter and sculptor. From 1884 to 1886 he received irregular lessons from the Swiss painter Frank Buscher (1828–90). In the autumn of 1886 he attended the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Munich and the following year met Giovanni Giacometti, who was to be a lifelong friend. In ...

Article

Joan Marter

Ukrainian sculptor, active in Paris and in the USA. He began studying painting and sculpture at the School of Art in Kiev in 1902 but was forced to leave in 1905 after criticizing the academicism of his instructors. In 1906 he went to Moscow, where, according to the artist, he participated in some group exhibitions (Archipenko, p. 68). In ...

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1911, in Halmstad; died 1981.

Painter, sculptor.

Neo-Constructivism.

Olle Baertling settled in Stockholm in 1928 and started painting in 1938. At the beginning of his career he was an Expressionist, but then began to paint portraits under the influence of Matisse. He subsequently studied under André Lothe and Léger in Paris in ...

Article

Yvonne Modlin

German sculptor and printmaker. He experimented with several media because he believed that conventional forms of communication were too formulaic and often failed to make tangible the essence of artistic vision. In his plastic and literary oeuvres Barlach sought to define and externalize the inner processes of humanity and nature through depriving his subject of its superficial mask and extraneous detail....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 7 July 1921, in Verona.

Sculptor.

Bogoni exhibited highly abstract Expressionist sculpture at the 1966 Venice Biennale .

Article

Morgan Falconer

German painter and sculptor. He studied sociology, politics and educational theory at university (1970–76). Bömmels became known within the context of German Neo-Expressionism in the early 1980s: he was a member of the Cologne-based group Mülheimer Freiheit, and his vigorous, fluid technique and symbolist leanings led him to be associated with the ‘wild’ painters or New Primitives. ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Peter Booth passed from Abstract-Minimal painting to a violent Expressionism in 1977, at which time he realised his first Figurative painting. His works frequently depict human misfortunes and torments, in chaotic compositions tinged with religious sentiments....

Article

Morgan Falconer

German painter and sculptor. He studied at Berlin University but was self-taught as an artist. He came to international prominence in the early 1980s along with a generation of young German Neo-Expressionist painters. In particular, he was associated with a group from Hamburg that included Albert Oehlen (with whom he had a long and formative association) and Martin Kippenberger. Like many of the Hamburg painters, his work was characterized by satirical attacks on the bourgeoisie, while its fantastical and infantilist dimensions were informed by a distaste for the excesses of contemporary mass culture. ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Died 1994.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor.

Louis Calaferte was known principally as an author, but he also produced compositions painted on canvas and pen-and-ink drawings that betray an Expressionist-like vigour, not least because of their explosive use of vivid colours over a black ground. 'I tend to paint when I'm mad at something or when things get on top of me', Louis Calaferte once noted. 'To be honest, my life is a series of crises and painting is a means to get away from it all.'...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 21 February 1914, in Bonifacio, Corsica; died 1992.

Painter, sculptor, lithographer, engraver.

Carréga attended art classes in studios around Montparnasse. His work is figurative with Expressionist undertones. Initially, he drew inspiration from the sea but as time went on his work became increasingly abstract and he started employing large areas of flatly-applied colour against transparent backgrounds....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 5 August 1926, in Rome.

Sculptor.

Cavaliere was a confirmed Expressionist. His work took a somewhat fantastical turn, beginning in 1959. Joining the Surrealist current, he used materials such as glass, mirrors, porcelain and mobile, even luminous elements, inside structures. After ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1901, in Woods Place (Louisiana).

Sculptor.

Clyde Connel worked with a range of materials, including papier mâché and iron, making pieces that are often abstract or Expressionist in style. From 1955 onward she took part in various exhibitions, notably: in Shreveport, Louisiana, in ...

Article

Brazilian, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Itagiba.

Sculptor.

Kinetic Art.

Mario Cravo wa a pupil of Mestrovicz in New York. Even though his sculptures were initially Expressionist in style, he later turned towards kinetic art by assembling various welded materials. He took part in the 26th Venice Biennale and the São Paulo Biennales in ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1 September 1944, in Kampen.

Sculptor.

From 1965 - 1967, Dokter attended the art academy in Haarlem. Since 1969, he has mainly exhibited in Holland. His deliberately Expressionist sculpture resorts to a very stylised figurative representation, which he divides into planes and massive areas....

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in La Plata.

Sculptor.

Ruben Elosegui joined the school of sculpture at the fine arts academy of La Plata. He carved abstract, expressionist pieces.

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Stockholm.

Sculptor.

The son of the sculptor Christian Eriksson, Liss Eriksson attended the art school in Stockholm from 1939 to 1941. His sculpture is Expressionist and sometimes abstract, but without losing sight of the living organism. A great tenderness, warmth, resolution and inner force inform his sculptures of individuals. He sculpted monumental pieces in stone, bronze and wood....

Article

Paul Vogt and Ita Heinze-Greenberg

International movement in art and architecture, which flourished between c. 1905 and c. 1920, especially in Germany. It also extended to literature, music, dance and theatre. The term was originally applied more widely to various avant-garde movements: for example it was adopted as an alternative to the use of ...

Article

Vojtěch Lahoda

Czech painter, printmaker, sculptor, writer and collector. After a short period at a business school and in an insurance office in Brno, he became a student at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague (1903). In 1904 he won the Academy’s first prize. At the end of the year he set out on a lengthy journey to Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Italy. He became absorbed in the Old Masters, especially Rembrandt. His own style passed from Post-Impressionism to a more expressive dominance of colour. In ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Little Current.

Sculptor.

John Fillion's sculptures are figurative and Expressionist and their subject is often truncated human bodies. The internal surfaces in particular are cracked and contrast with the polished parts.

Reeves, John: John Fillion: Thoughts about my Sculpture...