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Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1807, in Sparta (New York); died 1844, in Sparta (New York).

Painter. History painting, religious subjects.

Frederick Style Agate was the elder brother of Alfred Agate and one of the first members of the National Academy of Design in New York. His paintings ...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1779, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 1843, in Cambridge (Massachusetts).

Painter. Biblical subjects, literary subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Washington Allston was intended for a career in one of the professions and studied classics at Harvard. However, his Romantic artistic tastes took him over and he was deeply moved by Schiller and by Fuseli's illustrations to Boydell's ...

Article

Canadian, 19th century, male.

Born 2 November 1828, in St Andrews (New Brunswick); died 9 January 1901, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Portraits, religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

Bannister's father was form Barbados and his mother was Scottish. He was born in Canada right after slavery was abolished. He went to live in New York were he was a sailor and settled in Boston in ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

American interior decorator and founder of the first tapestry factory in the USA. He worked for Herter Brothers (see Herter, Christian) on the decoration of a series of grand houses, notably William H. Vanderbilt’s house on Fifth Avenue, New York, and William Welsh Harrison’s Grey Towers Castle (now part of Arcadia University) in Philadelphia. When the Vanderbilt house was completed in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1837, in Philadelphia; died 26 May 1879, in Philadelphia.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, landscapes.

George Frederick Bensell studied painting in Philadelphia for three years with John Lamblin. He sometimes painted landscapes, but concentrated on biblical scenes. Among his biblical paintings are: ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1851, in Exeter (New Hampshire); died 1922, in St-Cloud (Hauts-de-Seine), France.

Painter, draughtswoman. Genre scenes, mythological scenes, religious scenes.

Elisabeth-Jeanne Gardner studied in Paris under the direction of William Adolphe Bouguereau and later became his wife. She took part in the Paris Salon of ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1834, in Malden (Massachusetts); died 1919, in Newton Upper Falls (Massachusetts).

Painter, sculptor. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Darius Cobb was the twin brother of Cyrus Cobb. The works for which he is known include portraits of ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

American metalwork company established in Philadelphia in 1810 by Christian Cornelius, a silversmith who had emigrated from the Netherlands in 1783. He soon turned to the casting of bronze, and by 1825 he had become a lamp manufacturer. The company passed to Cornelius’s son Robert (...

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 23 July 1864, in South Dedham, Massachusetts; died 2 November 1933, in Norwood, Massachusetts.

Photographer, publisher. Portraits, nude studies, religious and mythological subjects.

The Linked Ring.

Pictorialism.

During the 1880s F. Holland Day worked for A.S. Barnes and Company booksellers in Boston and began experimenting with the camera. In 1893 he established, along with Herbert Copeland, the Copeland and Day publishing house, and over the course of the decade his photographic work flourished. In 1896 he began making pictures of male nudes, often highly accessorized and posed, and also pursued religious themes, culminating in 1898 with a series of 250 photographs of Day performing the life of Christ. Following this controversial pursuit, he organized a major exhibition of Pictorialist photography, ...

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born 22 February 1847, in Philadelphia; died 8 January 1906, in Brighton.

Painter. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Sarah Dodson studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. She spent most of her life in Europe, notably in Paris in the 1880s where she was a pupil of Jules Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger at the Académie Julian. She exhibited at the Salons of Paris, Munich and Philadelphia....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1840, in Chicago; died 27 January 1912, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views, ruins, church interiors, interiors.

Charles Dyer began his career in the Navy and the diplomatic corps (he was consul in Bristol and then Beirut). He left the diplomatic corps to devote himself to painting under the guidance of L. Jacquesson de la Chavreuse in Paris. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Nashville (Tennessee); died 7 February 1951, in Nashville.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

William Edmondson was the son of former slaves who were emancipated following the Civil War, and grew up illiterate. He worked at various jobs, in particular, for the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St Louis Railroads until ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Britain from 1905, naturalised 1907.

Born 1880, in New York, to Russian-Polish parents; died 19 August 1959, in London.

Sculptor (including bronze/marble), painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, animals. Statues, monuments.

Vorticism.

London Group.

Jacob Epstein first studied at the Arts Students League in New York and then in 1902 moved to Paris and enrolled at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In Paris he met Rodin, and, by visiting the Louvre, became strongly attracted to non-European sculpture. In 1905 he settled in London. Epstein promoted a new approach to sculpture, following the 'direct' sculptural process in which no model or detailed maquette is used but which concentrates on respecting and bringing to life the material employed, preserving its texture and colour while bringing forth from the material, for example a block of stone, the physical power of the form. This 'truth to materials' would have a direct impact on younger generation of British sculptors, notably Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 February 1858, in Charlestown (Massachusetts); died 1937.

Painter, fresco artist. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects.

James William Fosdick was both a painter and writer, who studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School and at the Académie Julian in Paris under Gustave Boulanger, Jules Lebebvre and Raphael Collin. He specialised in frescoes and painted the subject of ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 11 February 1855, in Worcester (Massachusetts); died 1940, in Brookline (Massachusetts).

Painter, printmaker. Portraits, landscapes, religious subjects.

Ellen Day Hale was the only daughter of the theologian and writer, Rev. Edward Everett Hale. She was a pupil of Rimmer, W.M. Hunt and Helen M. Knowlton in Boston. She attended classes at the Pennsylvania Academy in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 18 October 1823, in Newton (Pennsylvania); died 1890.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, portraits.

>Thomas Hicks was a pupil of Couture in Paris. His works include a Death of Abel. He may have been the son of Edward Hicks....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the Netherlands.

Born 29 September 1850, in Providence; died 2 August 1913, in Marken, the Netherlands.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, flowers, figures.

George Hitchcock, son of portrait painter Charles Hitchcock, received a law degree from Harvard University in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 1810, in Hamden (Connecticut); died 1894.

Sculptor. Figures, mythical subjects, reliogious subjects, portraits.

Chauncey Bradley Ives lived and worked in New York City from 1840 to 1844, and then established a studio in Rome, Italy, because of the easy availability of marble. Here he created sculptures of idealised and neo-classical figures, such as women in drapery like ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 March 1835, in New York; died 14 November 1910, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, illustrator, watercolourist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Japonisme, Orientalism.

John La Farge was a leading personality in 19th- and early 20th-century American art. His French-born father took part in General Leclerc's expedition to suppress a slave rebellion on the Caribbean island of St-Domingue (present-day Haiti), after which he settled in the USA and married the daughter of a miniaturist. John La Farge's earliest artistic training was from his maternal grandfather, but he subsequently followed a conventional, academic course of study, practising painting and drawing in his spare time, until 1856. With his studies completed, La Farge embarked for Europe where he met Chassériau, Puvis de Chavannes and the Goncourt brothers. He worked for a time in the Paris studio of the painter Thomas Couture, and copied Old Masters in the Louvre and in museums in England, Belgium and Holland. La Farge began training as a lawyer upon his return to the USA, but devoted himself to an artistic career from 1859, when he became a pupil of William Morris Hunt in Newport, Rhode Island. He became fascinated by Japanese art from 1861, and published ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 10 February 1860, in New York; died 22 February 1942, in Cresskill (New Jersey).

Painter, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Charles Rollinson Lamb trained at the Art Students League in New York, and later became its president. He was the brother of the Frederick Stymetz Lamb, and worked with him in the family's stained glass workshop, founded in ...