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Polish, 18th century, male.

Active in Galicia and in Podolia towards the end of the 18th century.

Draughtsman, engraver (line-engraving). Religious subjects.

Two engravings by J. Adam are known: one depicting St Anthony at Kamieniec in Podolia, the other portraying the Archbishop of Halic. These works are signed ...


Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...


Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Active in Poland and Austria.

Born 8 May 1657, in Naples; died 14 September 1745, in Heiligenkreuz (Lower Austria).

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

He travelled to Rome and studied under B. Gaulli (better known as Baciccio) and C. Maratti. He was 27 when he was invited to Warsaw by the then King Sobieski, at which juncture Altomonte translated his name into German and became Martin Hohenberg. For a period of close on seven years he was court painter in Poland; in ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1675, in Venice, in 1682 in Naples, Italy according to some sources; died 1752, in Madrid.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, flowers.

Amigoni's work betrays the influence of Ricci and Solimena. Among his earlier paintings are two altarpieces painted for the church of the Fathers of the Oratory in Venice, and a painting of ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Romec.1775.

Painter, engraver (burin), sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Antonelli's work includes Halt During the Flight into Egypt (after Maratti), Christ on the Mount of Olives (Correggio), a Madonna and Child (Trevisani), and copies of various statues from the basilica of St Peter's....


Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 September 1738, in Dordrecht; died 22 April 1805, in Dordrecht.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, landscapes with figures.

Jan Arends was the son of a surgeon and brother of the poet Rœlof. He was a pupil of Ponse. The artist spent a number of years in Amsterdam before moving to Middelburg and finally to Dordrecht, where he spent the final years of his life. Arends enjoyed an equal reputation as a painter and an engraver and was noted for his skill in perspective. A number of drawings by him were engraved by H. Immink and others; he also made etchings of various views of the province of Zeeland (...


German, 18th century, male.

Born 28 September 1686, in Benediktbeuren (Bavaria); died 1739, in Weltenburg Convent.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Religious subjects.

Son of the painter Hans Georg Asam. After learning the basics of his art he moved to Rome where he studied for several years before being awarded the coveted Accademia di San Luca Prize in ...


Flemish School, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1663, in Ghent; died 1743, in Ghent.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes with figures.

After working with Mierhop and Hans van Cleef, Audenaerd went to Rome where he worked under the direction of Carlo Maratti. He experimented with engraving, and when he showed his efforts to Maratti the latter encouraged him to take it up as his speciality. The artist followed his advice and with Maratti's guidance he established an excellent reputation as an etcher and line engraver. Audenaerd reproduced many of Maratti's works; he specialised in reproductions of paintings but was equally successful with portraits. He returned to his native town of Ghent after an absence of 37 years and, interestingly, returned to painting with youthful enthusiasm, executing a number of important works after Maratti for the churches, convents and monasteries of Ghent. His chief works include ...


Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1646, in Bergamo; died 1719.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects.

Studied for a time with Giacomo Cotta before continuing his studies in Paris and Venice. According to Tassi, he was responsible for the etching of Jesus in the Temple in the church of S Rocco. He later settled in his native Bergamo, where he decorated several churches....


Flemish School, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 18 December 1631, in Emden (Westphalia); died 17 November 1708, in Amsterdam.

Painter, draughtsman, calligrapher, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, seascapes, landscapes, winter landscapes.

There is little consensus on the spelling of this artist's name. It has been written variously as Backhuisen, Backhuizen and even Backhysen. Ludolf Bakhuyzen the Elder worked as a calligrapher for a commercial firm in his native town of Emden up to the age of 18. Encouraged by the sale of some drawings he went to Amsterdam and joined the studio of the landscape artist Albert van Everdingen, and later that of Hendrick Dubbels. He soon abandoned landscape painting to concentrate exclusively on seascapes and became a renowned artist during his lifetime. His reputation was such that he was sought by the most powerful monarchs of Europe to teach them art. His distinguished pupils included Tsar Peter the Great, the king of Prussia, the elector of Saxony and probably the grand duke of Tuscany. These rulers commissioned many paintings from Bakhuyzen. Right up to his death the artist demonstrated a forceful determination, even making all his funeral arrangements himself. When he died he left 78 florins to his friends so that they could enjoy a banquet after his death....


British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in Norwich, baptised 5 June 1754; died 21 or 6 December 1828, in Hatfield, in very reduced circumstances.

Engraver (etching and stippling), illustrator, printmaker, draughtsman. Portraits, architecture, mythology, religious subjects.

The son of John Baldrey the Elder, John Baldrey the Younger entered the Royal Academy School to study engraving in ...


Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 12 July 1666, in Verona; died 21 April 1740, in Verona.

Painter, engraver (burin). Mythological subjects, religious subjects, portraits.

Venetian School.

Trained in the workshops of Giovanni Zeffio in Verona, Antoni Belluci in Bologna and Carlo Maratti in Rome, but worked predominantly in Venice, where he painted extensively for various churches. He also painted for churches in Vicenza, Padua, Verona, Brescia, Bergamo and Cremona, reproducing Corregio's celebrated ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Carpi.

Born 1682; died 1767.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, copyist. Religious subjects.

A skilled copyist who provided templates for two engravings on the theme of the Descent from the Cross by Giuseppe Benedetti of Bologna and Pietro da Belluno.


Irish, 18th century, male.

Born 11 October 1741, in Cork; died 22 February 1806, in London.

Painter, engraver (etching). Mythological scenes, religious scenes, portraits, animals.

James Barry studied with the landscape painter, John Butts, in Cork. In 1763 he went to Dublin where he exhibited ...


Italian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1675, in Rome; died c. 1730.

Engraver (burin), art dealer. Religious subjects, architectural views.

Worked initially under the tutelage of his father, Pietro Santo Bartoli. It is probable that this is the same artist as F. Bartoli who produced coloured drawings based on religious works in St Peter's in Rome on behalf of the English art collector John Talman. The volume containing these engraved illustrations has been in the British Museum in London since ...


Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1725 or 1727, in Florence; died 7 March 1815, in Lisbon.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits.

Francesco Bartolozzi's date of birth cannot be established with any certainty, although it is generally accepted that he was born in 1725 (some biographers say 1727 or even 1730). He was the son of a Florentine goldsmith and was exposed to the fine arts from a very early age. He worked initially for his father who was, effectively, his first teacher in the skills of engraving. Later, he enrolled at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence where he studied drawing and composition under Ignace Hugford and Ferretti. He travelled to Rome, where he copied the Old Masters and, in 1745, to Venice, where he was admitted to the workshop of master engraver Joseph Wagner. The latter proved particularly fond of his young pupil and encouraged him to produce his first work, the engraving of a drawing by G.B. Piazetta entitled ...


Austrian, 18th century, male.

Born 1712, in Kufstein (Tyrol); died 1761, in Augsburg.

Painter, fresco artist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views.

Johann Wolfgang Baumgartner initially painted landscapes, but went on to become a distinguished painter of architectural subjects. He executed the frescoes for the churches in Gersthofen and Bergen where he painted episodes from ...


Spanish, 18th century, male.

Born 1746, in Saragossa; died 1 March 1793, in Aranjuez.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Frescoes, designs for tapestries.

Ramón was a pupil of his brother Francisco, whom he accompanied to Madrid and worked together with him on the frescoes in the Pilar cathedral in Saragossa. He was sometimes Goya's rival in competitions. He drew a great deal of inspiration from Tiepolo. Works attributed to him are: ...


French, 18th century, male.

Born 29 September 1752, in Paris; died 1er April 1806.


A. de Saint-Aubin was his master. This artist made engravings for Bitaubé's Iliad, which had the appearance of low reliefs. Other works include: Christ on the Cross, after Ch.-Ant. Bridan; two plates depicting ...


French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 28 May 1778, in Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire); died 1 October 1855, in Feurs (Loire).

Painter, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

One of the founders of the Musée du Puy (Haute-Loire), France, he painted a Christ on the Cross for the court of assizes in his home town, which now hangs in the cathedral. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in ...