Italian pope and patron. He completed his studies in the Romagna and in 1723 entered the Franciscan Order. In 1728 he went to Rome, where he acted as an adviser to Pope Clement XIII from 1746 and became involved in such issues as whether to include the books of Voltaire (...
José Eduardo Horta Correia
Portuguese bishop and patron. He was representative of the Catholic Enlightenment in Portugal during the Pombaline era. In accordance with his training as an Oratorian and his concern for the welfare of his flock, his interests were more pastoral and less doctrinal than those of his friend, Frei Manuel do Cenáculo Villas Boas. His concerns led to the building of seminaries and hospitals, and his spiritual and humanist tendencies led him to write and translate works on both religious and secular subjects, of which his essays on agriculture are an example. He believed that art was a means of human improvement and architecture a manifestation of human and Christian dignity, and his patronage of the arts, to which his visit to Rome must have contributed, was an aspect of his pastoral service. Following Gomes do Avelar’s appointment as Bishop of the Algarve in ...
German art scholar and collector. At school in Lübeck he became acquainted with the ideas of Leibniz and Christian Wolff; from 1724 he studied law and literature in Leipzig. There he developed an interest in the Enlightenment thinking of Johann Christoph Gottsched and in art, particularly the many private collections. In ...
Dutch, 17th – 18th century, male.
Born 1649, in Dordrecht; died c. 1727.
Painter, collector. Religious subjects, portraits.
Jakob Moelart studied with Nicolas Moos, and became well known as an excellent portrait painter and a painter of historical subjects. Houbraken singles out several of his works for praise, especially his ...
Gregor M. Lechner
German churchman, writer and patron. He entered the Order of St Benedict in 1688 and studied philosophy and theology at Ottobeuren and at the Benedictine university at Salzburg. He was ordained a priest in 1694 and began pastoral work in Tisis, Vorarlberg. His first theological writings date from ...
Charles B. McClendon
Italian former Benedictine abbey near the mouth of the Po River and 45 km north of Ravenna in the province of Emilia Romagna. Although first documented in
Polish family of patrons and collectors. Their patronage was influential from the late 16th century to the early 19th. They held the highest offices and owned vast estates in the eastern part of the Commonwealth of Two Nations, including main seats at Nieśwież (now Nesvizh, Belarus), Ołyka (now Olyka, Ukraine), Birże (now Biržoi, Lithuania) and Biała Podlaska. They were prominent representatives of Sarmatian Baroque culture (...
. French collector. He was one of the greatest collectors of Boucher’s drawings but little is known about him. His Christian names are known only from an inscription on the back of the mount of a Boucher pastel of him (1761) and he is described as an ‘Ecuier premier’ and an ‘ancien valet de chambre du Roi’. According to Fessard’s and Nochez’s engravings (...
Dutch, 18th century, male.
Born 1694 or 1695, in Haarlem; died 10 May 1731, in Haarlem.
Painter, engraver (etching), collector. Religious subjects, figures.
Nicolaus Six was a pupil of Carel de Moor. In 1715 he entered the guild of Haarlem and was deputy mayor of that town. The museum of Bremen has a canvas by him entitled ...
Gregor M. Lechner
Austrian prelate and patron. He entered the Augustinian Order of Canons at Dürnstein on 12 March 1693 and after studying philosophy, theology, history and law was unanimously elected prior of Dürnstein on 15 June 1710. He set his stamp on the foundation by extensive alterations and additions to its buildings, taking personal charge of the whole process. He was his own engineer and architect, creating a Baroque unity of style with the carefully planned collaboration of artists and craftsmen....
José Alberto Gomes Machado
Portuguese archbishop, politician, collector and scholar. Of humble origin, he became a Franciscan friar and rose to be Provincial of the Order in 1768. He was a prestigious figure in Portuguese intellectual and cultural circles and was particularly associated with the education reforms of Sebastian Carvalho e Mello, 1st Marquês de Pombal, on whose recommendation he was made tutor to the Infante Dom José and was successively appointed President of the Real Mesa Censória (the state board of censorship) in ...