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Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Iranian art. While studying mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, Ackerman met and eventually married Arthur Upham Pope, with whom she had taken courses in philosophy and aesthetics. In 1926 she and Pope organized the first ever exhibition of Persian art at the Pennsylvania Museum and helped create the First International Congress of Oriental Art. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 3 February 1864, in Collobrières (Var); died 8 October 1923, in Collobrières.

Painter, watercolourist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures, seascapes.

Joseph Acosta came from a family of modest means and it was only because of a municipal bursary that he was able to take up studies at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris ...

Article

Danish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1857 or 19 November 1859, in Ansager (Jutland); died 1925.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

Although Hans Agersnap did execute some portraits and religious paintings, he specialised in studying Denmark and reproduced the steppes of Jutland in various guises. His snow impressions are of particular interest....

Article

Hungarian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1850, in Dombóvár; died 1919.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, animals.

Szolnok Artists' Colony.

Julius Agghazy studied initially at the academy in Vienna, then with Alex von Wagner and subsequently in Paris with Munkácsy. He sent his first picture to the Budapest Exhibition when he was 24. He executed a series of religious paintings portraying ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1837, in Orihuela; died 1919, in Valencia.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Joaquim Agrasot y Juan trained under Francisco Martínez at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos in Valencia, and he completed his studies in Rome....

Article

Marianne Barrucand

Islamic dynasty and rulers of Morocco since 1631. Like their predecessors the Sa‛dis, the ‛Alawis are sharīfs (descendants of the Prophet Muhammad), and both dynasties are sometimes classed together as the ‘Sharifs of Morocco’. From a base in the Tafilalt region of south-east Morocco, the ‛Alawi family was able to overcome the centrifugal forces exerted by the Berber tribes who had destroyed the Sa‛di state in the first half of the 17th century. To restore political authority and territorial integrity, Mawlay Isma‛il (...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 January 1868, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Henri Alberti studied under Doucet, J. Lefebvre and Luc-Olivier Merson. He first exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1894, and showed work there until 1920...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

Turkish painter. In 1859 he became an assistant teacher of painting at the Military Medical High School in Istanbul. In 1864 Sultan Abdülaziz (reg 1861–76) sent him to Paris where, after a preparatory education at a special Ottoman school, he studied painting in the studio of ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...

Article

20th century.

Born 7 April 1887, in Chiari, near Brescia; died 9 November 1950, at Cavaglio Spoccia, near Novara (Piedmont).

Painter, pastellist, watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Symbolism.

Attilio Andreoli studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera and was a pupil of Clemente Tafuri at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Naples. He painted figures and portraits, often of women, where features seem to dissolve in the vibrations of ochre and dark tones....

Article

Canadian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1870; died 1963.

Sculptor. Figures.

Henri Angers sculpted religious figures in an archaic regional style. Four of his sculptures were burnt when a fire destroyed the church of St-Amboise in Loretteville, Quebec.

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 3 January 1854, in Antwerp; died 1930.

Painter. History painting, religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Anthony was the son of a silversmith and studied under L. Hendricx, a painter of historical subjects. His altar panel with the Story of St Barbara...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Naples.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

Aprea was a pupil of the history painter Domenico Morelli and the Realist painter Filippo Palizzi at the fine art academy in Naples. As early as 1900 he showed his painting Queen of the Sky...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Painter, lithographer. Religious themes, genre scenes.

P. Aressy exhibited portraits at the Salons of 1897 and 1901.

St-Nazaire (Mus. Municipal): Burial of a Sailor (print)

Article

Spanish, 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century in Barcelona.

Born 1863, in Catalonia; died 1933.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Groups, low reliefs.

Eusebio Arnau studied at the Barcelona School of Fine Art and then continued his studies in Rome, Florence and Paris. In ...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

English Orientalist and historian of Islamic painting. He was attracted to Oriental studies while reading classics at Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he was inspired by Edward Cowell and William Robertson Smith. From 1888 he taught philosophy at the Anglo-Oriental College at Aligarh, India. With the appearance of his ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Capital city of Turkmenistan. Lying in an oasis south of the Karakum Desert, the city was founded in 1881 on the site of a mountain village (Rus. aul). Linked by rail with the Caspian coast in 1885, it developed rapidly as the center of the Transcaspian region at the turn of the 20th century and became the capital of the Turkmen republic in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born January 1851, in Paris; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Orientalism.

Albert Aublet was a pupil of Claudius Jacquand and Gérôme. Very early on, he was drawn to the East, first visiting Constantinople (now Istanbul) in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1831, in Tours; died 1911, in Tours.

Potter, enameller. Religious furnishings.

School of Tours.

The son of Charles-Jean Avisseau, and uncle to Édouard-Léon, Joseph-Édouard Avisseau was a pupil of his father, and also studied drawing and painting in Lobin's studio. He worked in close collaboration with his father, and shared his taste for the historicist Renaissance movement, veering progressively towards the Baroque. With his father and his sister Caroline, he executed ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1859, in Paris; died 1935, in Paris.

Painter. History painting, religious subjects.

Azambre's subjects are mainly religious in inspiration and delicately handled in pale colours; they include: St Francis Preaching to the Birds; Dream of St Cecilia; Jesus and Mary...