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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 March 1942, in Montluçon (Allier).

Painter, collage artist, engraver. Religious subjects. Murals.

Jean-Louis Arbaretaz was a pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was awarded the second Grand Prix de Rome for engraving in 1966. Primarily an engraver, he frequently took religious themes for his subject matter, in a dark, even disturbing chromatic and psychological climate....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 28 November 1909 , in Dublin; died 28 April 1992 , in Madrid.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, pastellist, lithographer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, role="theme">animals.

School of London.

Francis Bacon’s father was an English racehorse trainer. He spent part of his childhood with his maternal grandmother in Ireland. He suffered from asthma as a child and had no conventional schooling. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 October 1840, in Monza (Lombardy); died 15 May 1904, in Milan.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. History painting, figures, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, seascapes, church interiors.

Mosè di Giosue Bianchi studied under Giuseppe Bertini at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan. He travelled in the course of his studies to Rome, Venice and Paris (where he exhibited successfully for the first time in ...

Article

Eleanor Heartney

Thai sculptor and installation artist. Boonma studied at the Poh Chang Arts and Crafts School, Bangkok (1971–3) and went on to study painting at Silpakorn University, Bangkok (1974–8). He became a Buddhist monk in 1986 and his work explores a distinctively Buddhist art language. His early work dealt with environmental issues that came out of his concerns about the effects of industrialization on rural Thailand. Increasingly his work became involved with issues of illness and death as his own health faltered. He subtly melded natural forms, Buddhist architecture and ritual objects with a minimalist sense of structure inspired by his study of Western art. He fashioned sculptural objects based on Buddhist alms bowls, ‘painted’ with healing herbs and created walls and enclosures from stacks of hundreds of ceramic temple bells....

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born 1915 or 1916, in Huelva; died 1991.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator, scenographer. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, horse racing scenes, still-lifes. Murals, stage sets.

Caballero gave up engineering studies to enter the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in ...

Article

J. Harwood

Uruguayan conceptual artist and teacher, of German birth. Of Jewish ancestry, he fled with his family to Uruguay in 1939. He studied at the University of Uruguay between 1953–57 and 1959–62 before a Guggenheim fellowship took him to New York in 1961 to study printmaking. Although he settled in the USA, he retained his Uruguayan citizenship. From the 1970s, Uruguay and Latin America in general inspired a series of conceptual installations that addressed such issues as language, identity, freedom, repression and the role of art. Politics is a dominant element in Camnitzer’s work, expressed in ethical and artistic debate rather than in rhetoric. For Camnitzer, the task of the artist was to be aware of and express the problems that surround him, an attitude that challenged a perceived lack of meaning prevalent in much contemporary work. His questioning of traditional values applied not only to the theme of his work, but to its material form: employing objects of little intrinsic value, he rejected traditional notions of art as beautiful and of commercial worth. Through the use of texts, images and objects, such as those employed in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 June 1886, in Paris; died 8 July 1972, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), pastellist, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes (flowers/fruit). Church decoration, murals, banknotes.

Clément-Serveau studied in Paris at the École des Arts Decoratifs and under Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts, where he was awarded the Chenavard Prize. He began as a Realist but demonstrated an acute awareness of current art trends at the turn of the century. As a friend of Louis Marcoussis, he was not unaffected by Cubism; this is most evident in his dense composition, the superimposition of various 'screens', and the overall reduction of form to geometric shapes, all of which are hallmarks of his style between 1930 and 1950. He subsequently turned to Abstraction, yet contrived to sustain a highly personal sense of harmony and balance in his compositions.He painted outsize mural decorations, notably ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1892, in Chicago; died 1973, in Plains (Illinois).

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator.

Art Brut.

Henry J. Darger worked as a handyman at the Catholic mission of the Little Sisters of the Poor, who took him in when his father died, and then in various hospitals in Chicago....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...

Article

Norwegian, 20th century, female.

Active in the USA.

Installation artist, assemblage artist.

Lisa Floistad works on the depiction of woman in the Catholic imagination (the virgin, the courtesan...), selecting details from paintings which she enlarges using a photocopier and reveals desire and masculine sexuality. She has shown her works in solo exhibitions including ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Marcilly-sur-Eure from 1984.

Born 10 March 1946, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), installation artist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figure compositions, genre scenes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Gérard Garouste was mostly self-taught. He went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a brief period in ...

Article

Filipino, 20th century, female.

Active in France fromc.1972.

Born 4 June 1942, in Guimbal (Iloilo), Philippines.

Engraver, collage artist. Figure compositions, religious subjects.

Ofélia Gelvezon-Téqui graduated in art from the University of the Philippines in 1964, and again in 1966, in English. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1905.

Engraver, draughtswoman, collage artist, watercolourist. Religious subjects, nudes, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures, animals.

Mercédès Guingot enrolled in the engraving courses run by Jean Delpech, where she learnt dry-point engraving and etching. She showed her works in solo exhibitions, including the Maison du Bailly in Épinal in ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

Iranian sculptor and installation artist, active in England. She left Iran in 1973 and studied at the Chelsea School of Art, London (1976–9), then was a junior fellow at Cardiff College of Art (1979–80). Although she settled in London and was often bracketed with a group of young British sculptors, including Anish Kapoor and Richard Deacon, her work was distinguished by the interpretation of a Persian cultural background through Western sculptural language. Her early work consisted of allusive environments and biomorphic sculptural forms, demonstrating an attempt, echoed in later work, to embody spiritual concepts physically. As it developed, her work became more autonomous, austere and concerned with materials that could symbolize a spiritual transcendence of materiality (...

Article

Jean Robertson

Israeli sculptor and video, performance and installation artist. She studied at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem, where she was awarded a BFA in 1994 and continued post-graduate studies in 1995. She spent a semester at the Cooper Union School of Art and Design, New York, as an exchange student in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1963, in Montevideo.

Installation artist, draughtsman.

Lanzarini's work draws on the history of his country, shaken by years of dictatorship. His installations with their references to Catholicism and Marxism-Leninism convey the sense of a search for cultural identity. He lives and works in Montevideo. He has taken part in collective exhibitions, including: Havana Biennale and, in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, collage artist, installation artist, performance artist, writer on art.

Fabio Mauri grew up in Milan from 1929 and settled in Rome in 1956. From 1949 to 1954 he painted religious subjects in an Expressionist style. He then turned to the Piazza del Popolo school, producing works based on popular culture and entertainment. In the late 1950s he wrote the plays ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in Paris.

Installation artist, painter (including mixed media). Religious subjects, figures, landscapes.

R. V. Miloux studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Orléans, then at the École des Arts Appliqués in Paris. He is an art teacher. He worked on the theme of Christ in the series ...

Article

Joan Kee

Taiwanese conceptual artist, active also in the USA. Lee spent his childhood in Taichung, where he studied Chan Buddhism from the age of eight. At 12, Lee spent time among Taiwanese expatriates in the Dominican Republic, and two years later moved to the USA, where he later studied biology at the University of Washington, Seattle. He transferred, however, to the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland, CA, where he focused on architecture and textiles (...