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Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1917.

Painter. Religious subjects, figures.

Sydney Group.

Justin Maurice O'Brien joined the medical corps of the Australian army at the start of World War II. In 1940 he was sent to Palestine, then Greece. During this period he began to paint - particularly faces - and made many sketches. He was taken prisoner and remained in Athens for seven months, before being transferred to Poland in December ...

Article

Noémie Goldman and Kim Oosterlinck

Term for the return of lost or looted cultural objects to their country of origin, former owners, or their heirs. The loss of the object may happen in a variety of contexts (armed conflicts, war, colonialism, imperialism, or genocide), and the nature of the looted cultural objects may also vary, ranging from artworks, such as paintings and sculptures, to human remains, books, manuscripts, and religious artefacts. An essential part of the process of restitution is the seemingly unavoidable conflict around the transfer of the objects in question from the current to the former owners. Ownership disputes of this nature raise legal, ethical, and diplomatic issues. The heightened tensions in the process arise because the looting of cultural objects challenges, if not breaks down, relationships between peoples, territories, cultures, and heritages....